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Livskvalitet hos patienter med pankreascancer: -en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva livskvalitet hos patienter med pankreascancer och att undersöka om det fanns några faktorer som kunde påverka patientens livskvalitet. Sökningar genomfördes i databaserna Academic Search Elite och Medline. De sökord som användes var pancreatic cancer, quality of life och pancreatic neoplasms. Tretton vetenskapliga artiklar valdes ut till studiens resultat. Dessa artiklar granskades, analyserades och sammanställdes. Resultatet visade att livskvalitet var signifikant försämrad hos patienter med pankreascancer jämfört med en generell population. Patienterna upplevde flera besvärande symtom. Utmattning och smärta var bland de mest förekommande symtomen och dessa kunde även kopplas till försämrad livskvalitet. Trots olika åtgärder och behandlingar upplevde inte många av patienterna någon förbättrad livskvalitet. Några patienter som stabiliserade sin vikt upplevde bättre livskvalitet och överlevde längre än de som fortsatte att minska i vikt. En patientgrupp med lokal cancer som genomgick kirurgi visade en signifikant ökad livskvalitet efter behandlingen. De patienter som fick strålbehandling med ett radioaktivt läkemedel visade också en signifikant förbättrad livskvalitet. Mera forskning behövs för att få kunskaper om hur denna patientgrupp upplever sin livskvalitet och för att kunna erbjuda åtgärder som kan ge en ökad livskvalitet.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to describe the quality of life in patients with pancreatic cancer and to examine whether there were any factors that could affect patient’s quality of life. Searches were carried out in the databases Academic Search Elite and Medline. The keywords used were pancreatic cancer, quality of life and pancreatic neoplasm. Thirteen research articles were selected for the study results. These articles were reviewed, analyzed and compiled. The results showed that the quality of life was significantly impaired in patients with pancreatic cancer compared with a general population. Patients experienced several disturbing symptoms. Fatigue and pain were among the most prevalent symptoms and these could also be linked to reduced quality of life. Despite various interventions and treatments many of the patients did not experience any kind of improvement in quality of life. Some patients who stabilized their weight experienced better quality of life and survived longer than those who continued to lose weight. One group of patients with local cancer who underwent surgery showed a significantly improved quality of life after treatment. The patients who received radiation therapy with a radioactive drug experienced a significantly improved quality of life. More research is needed to get an understanding of how these groups of patients experience their quality of life and to offer interventions that can provide a better quality of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Quality of life, pancreatic cancer, patients.
Keyword [sv]
Livskvalitet, pankreascancer, patienter
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-5811Archive number: SSKVK07/ht09nr17OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-5811DiVA: diva2:275557
Presentation
(English)
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Available from: 2009-11-06 Created: 2009-11-05 Last updated: 2009-11-06Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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