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Vårdrelaterade postoperativa sårinfektioner vid femoralis poplitea by pass: en journalgranskning
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

SAMMANFATTNING 

 

Inledning: Vårdrelaterade infektioner är ett stort och kostsamt problem i vården. Förekomst av multiresistenta bakterier ökar och gör infektioner allt mer svårbehandlade. I sjuksköterskans arbetsuppgifter ingår bland annat att förebygga smittspridning och bedriva utvecklingsarbete.

Syftet med denna studie var att studera och beskriva postoperativ sårinfektionsfrekvens hos samtliga patienter som opererats med femoralis poplitea by pass på aktuell klinik år 2004 respektive år 2007. Syftet var vidare att beskriva eventuella gemensamma faktorer hos patienterna som kunde var en orsak till postoperativ sårinfektion.

Metod: En beskrivande studie med jämförande inslag via journalgranskning.

Resultat: Journalgranskningen har inte visat någon ökad frekvens av postoperativa sårinfektioner avseende år 2004 respektive 2007 på den studerade avdelningen. Antalet operationer är konstant och antalet infektioner obetydligt färre. Den postoperativa sårinfektionsfrekvensen var 50 % och fördelningen mellan män och kvinnor var jämn. Kvinnorna som drabbades av en postoperativ sårinfektion hade en högre genomsnittsålder än männen. Fler kvinnor än män var diabetiker.

Slutsats: Frekvensen postoperativa sårinfektioner var hög (> 50 %) men registreringen av dessa var mycket bristfällig. Granskningen var ett kvalitetssäkringsarbete för att öka patientsäkerheten och minska de vårdrelaterade sårinfektionerna. 

Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT

 

Introduction: Infections related to hospital treatment is a large and expensive problem in healthcare today. The presence of multi-resistant bacteria increases and makes infections more difficult to treat. The nurse should, among other things, act to prevent contamination and participate in developing the care.

The purpose of this study was to compare the frequency of post-operative wound infections amongst all patients operated with femoral popliteal bypass at the clinic in 2004 and 2007. The purpose was also to describe any factor, in common for the patients, which could be a cause of post-operative wound infection.

Method: a descriptive study with comparative contribution by research in medical journals.

Result: the survey of the patient files has not shown any increasing frequency of wound infections between 2004 and 2007 at the clinic. The numbers of operations are constant and the numbers of infections are slightly lower. The frequency of the post-operative wound infections rate was 50 % and the prevalence between the sexes were equal. The women that attracted an infection had a higher mean age than men. More women than men had diabetes.

Conclusion: The frequency of post-operative wound infection was high (> 50 %), although the registration of this were very insufficient. The survey was an assignment by the clinic in order to increase the security for the patients and reduce the incidence of care-induced post-operative wound infections.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , p. 26
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-5880Archive number: FKOMVC/vt09nr29OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-5880DiVA, id: diva2:278533
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-02-22 Created: 2009-11-26 Last updated: 2011-02-22Bibliographically approved

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