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Upplevelser av stress och stresshantering bland intensivvårdssjuksköterskor
University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva i vilka situationer IVA-sjuksköterskor upplever stress och hur de hanterar stressen i det vardagliga arbetet. Studien hade en beskrivande design med kvalitativ ansats. I studien deltog 10 intensivvårdssjuksköterskor. Inklusionskriterierna var att sjuksköterskorna skulle ha en specialistutbildning, och de skulle ha arbetat mer än ett år som intensivvårdsjuksköterska. Data samlades in med en semistrukturerad intervju som varade mellan 7 till 25 minuter. De teman som växte fram under bearbetning av data var ´Låg påverkansmöjlighet, höga arbetskrav och avsaknad av bekräftelse leder till rädsla för att tappa kontrollen´, Obalans mellan krav och bemanning´ samt ´Stödjande faktorer och eget ansvar kan minska stressupplevelsen´. Slutresultatet visade på att IVA-sjuksköterskor upplevde stress i situationer när arbetskraven var för många och ledde till oro för att tappa kontrollen. De höga kraven och otillräcklig bemanning ledde till en obalans där IVA-sjuksköterskorna upplevde otillräcklighet i sitt arbete. Stöd från arbetskollegorna samt individuella sätt att hantera den egna stressen, ansågs vara ett sätt att hantera stress på arbetsplatsen bland intensivvårdssjuksköterskorna. Sammanfattningsvis kan sägas att IVA-sjuksköterskorna upplevde stress på sin arbetsplats av olika orsaker samt att hanteringen av stressen skedde främst via ventilering med arbetskollegor.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to describe in what situations Intensive Care Unit (ICU) nurses experiences stress and how they cope with the stress in the ordinary work. The study had a descriptive design with a qualitative approach. Ten intensive care nurses took part in the study. The inclusions criteria were that the nurses had an education in intensive care and had worked more than a year as an intensive care nurse. The data were collected with a semi- structured interview that lasted between 7 to 25 minutes. The themes developed from the data were ‘Low influence possibility, high work demands and lack of confirmation leads to fear of loosing the control’, ‘Imbalance between demands and number of staff’, and ‘Supportive factors and own responsibility can reduce the stress experience’ The final result showed that nurses experience stress in situations when the work demands were to high which led to anxiety of loosing control. High demands and insufficient number of staff led to an imbalance and the nurses felt inadequacy in their work. Support from the colleagues and own individual ways to handle the stress, were considered to be ways to cope with it among the nurses. To sum up, the intensive care nurses experienced stress their workplace from various causes and they coped with their stress principally through ventilation with their colleagues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
stress, nurse, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), coping, demands
Keyword [sv]
stress, sjuksköterska, intensivvårdsavdelning, hantering, krav
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-5911Archive number: SPECIN/vt09nr8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-5911DiVA: diva2:279924
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok

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Available from: 2009-12-22 Created: 2009-12-07 Last updated: 2009-12-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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