hig.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Innovation and Design Processes in Small Established Companies
University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. (Industriell ekonomi)
2009 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines innovation and design processes in small established companies. There is a great interest in this area yet paradoxically the area is under-researched, since most innovation research is done on large companies. The research questions are: How do small established companies carry out their innovation and design processes? and How does the context and novelty of the process and product affect the same processes?

The thesis is built on three research papers that used the research method of multiple case studies of different small established companies. The innovation and design processes found were highly context dependent and were facilitated by committed resources, a creative climate, vision, low family involvement, delegated power and authority, and linkages to external actors such as customers and users. Both experimental cyclical and linear structured design processes were found. The choice of structure is explained by the relative product and process novelty experienced by those developing the product innovation. Linear design processes worked within a low relative novelty situation and cyclical design processes worked no matter the relative novelty. The innovation and design processes found were informal, with a low usage of formal systematic design methods, except in the case of design processes for software. The use of formal systematic methods in small companies seems not always to be efficient, because many of the problems the methods are designed to solve are not present. Customers and users were found to play a large and important role in the innovation and design processes found and gave continuous feedback during the design processes. Innovation processes were found to be intertwined, yielding synergy effects, but it was common that resources were taken from the innovation processes for acute problems that threatened the cash flow. In sum, small established companies have the natural prerequisites to take advantage of lead-user inventions and cyclical design processes. Scarce resources were found to be the main factor hindering innovation, but the examined companies practiced several approaches to increase their resources or use existing scarce resources more efficiently in their innovation and design processes. Examples of these approaches include adopting lead-user inventions and reducing formality in the innovation and design processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2009. , p. 76
Series
TRITA-IEO-R, ISSN 1100-7982 ; 2009:15
Keyword [en]
Innovation process, Design process, Small companies, Novelty, Context
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-6156ISBN: 978-91-7415-487-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-6156DiVA, id: diva2:282924
Presentation
2009-11-20, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Lindstedtsvägen 30, Stockholm, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-03-02 Created: 2009-12-22 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Design processes and novelty in small companies: a multiple case study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design processes and novelty in small companies: a multiple case study
2009 (English)In: ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN: Proceedings, Vol. 1, Design processes, 2009, p. 265-278Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study explores the design processes in small established companies and investigates how these design processes are executed. How two different kinds of novelty influence the design processes is further examined: the relative novelty of the product being developed and the relative novelty of design processes. The relative novelty of the product is high if it is a radically new product to develop.

High relative novelty for design processes typically means no experience or knowledge about design processes. Based on an embedded multiple case study of three small established companies in Sweden, eight different design processes are described and analyzed. The results show that the design processes differ, even within the same company. The results also show that relative novelty affects the design process. If the relative novelty of both the product to be developed and of design processes is low, a linear, structured, and systematic design process was found to work. A design process that is cyclical, experimental, and knowledge-creating seems to work no matter the relative novelty.

Keyword
design process, small companies, novelty, product innovation engineering
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-5019 (URN)000301952000023 ()978-1-904670-05-6 (ISBN)
Conference
International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED '09, 24 - 27 August 2009, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Available from: 2009-10-14 Created: 2009-08-11 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
2. The use of methodology for product and service development in SME: an exploratory study of 18 small companies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The use of methodology for product and service development in SME: an exploratory study of 18 small companies
2007 (English)In: 8th International CINet conference, Gothenburg, Sweden, 9-11 September, 2007, 2007Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-2560 (URN)
Note
8th International CINet conference, Gothenburg, Sweden, 9-11 September, 2007Available from: 2007-08-08 Created: 2007-08-08 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
3. Prerequisites for innovation in small companies: a multiple case study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prerequisites for innovation in small companies: a multiple case study
2008 (English)In: Proceedings of the 9th International CINet Conference in Valencia, 7-9 September, 2008., 2008Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-2179 (URN)
Available from: 2008-08-05 Created: 2008-08-05 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1279 kB)500 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1279 kBChecksum SHA-512
673864d831a1b48154cc6a83646f0b634372b5de84996b9225952b0168959f83a13ae6e46e5c6b86a04c3b18d0c074b3f559a5c4604516111588d000c460a440
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Fulltext

Authority records BETA

Löfqvist, Lars

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Löfqvist, Lars
By organisation
Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomiCenter for Logistics and Innovative Production
Other Mechanical Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 500 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 918 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf