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A sub-process view of working memory capacity: Evidence from effects of speech on prose memory
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering. (Miljöpsykologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7584-2275
Luleå tekniska universitet.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering. (Miljöpsykologi)
2010 (English)In: Memory, ISSN 0965-8211, E-ISSN 1464-0686, Vol. 18, no 3, 310-326 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article we outline a "sub-process view" of working memory capacity (WMC). This view suggests that any relationship between WMC and another construct (e.g., reading comprehension) is actually a relationship with a specific part of the WMC construct. The parts, called sub-processes, are functionally distinct and can be measured by intrusion errors in WMC tasks. Since the sub-processes are functionally distinct, some sub-process may be related to a certain phenomenon, whereas another sub-process is related to other phenomena. In two experiments we show that a sub-process (measured by immediate/current-list intrusions) is related to the effects of speech on prose memory (semantic auditory distraction), whereas another sub-process (measured by delayed/prior-list intrusions), known for its contribution to reading comprehension, is not. In Experiment 2 we developed a new WMC task called "size-comparison span" and found that the relationship between WMC and semantic auditory distraction is actually a relationship with a sub-process measured by current-list intrusions in our new task.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 18, no 3, 310-326 p.
Keyword [en]
Semantic auditory distraction, Size-comparison span, Sub-process view, Working memory capacity
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-6210DOI: 10.1080/09658211003601530ISI: 000277650200008PubMedID: 20182946Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77951688758OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-6210DiVA: diva2:284277
Available from: 2010-01-05 Created: 2010-01-05 Last updated: 2016-07-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Role of Working Memory Capacity in Auditory Distraction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Role of Working Memory Capacity in Auditory Distraction
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2010. 54 p.
Series
Doctoral thesis/Luleå university of Technology, ISSN 1402-1544
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-6788 (URN)978-91-7439-098-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-06-04, Luleå, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-05-27 Created: 2010-05-19 Last updated: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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