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High working memory capacity attenuates the deviation effect but not the changing-state effect: Further support for the duplex-mechanism account of auditory distraction
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering. (Miljöpsykologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7584-2275
2010 (English)In: Memory & Cognition, ISSN 0090-502X, E-ISSN 1532-5946, Vol. 38, no 5, 651-658 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Serial short-term memory is impaired by background sound, at least when a sound element suddenly deviates from an otherwise repetitive sequence (the deviation effect) and when each sound element in the sequence differs from the preceding one (the changing-state effect). Two competing theories have been proposed to explain these effects: One suggests that both effects are caused by the same mechanism (i.e., attentional resources being depleted by the sound), and the other suggests that the deviation effect is caused by attentional capture and that the changingstate effect is caused by interference between order processes. The present investigation found that working memory capacity predicts susceptibility to the deviation effect, but not to the changing-state effect, both when speech items (Experiment 1) and when tones (Experiment 2) produce the disruption. These results suggest that the two effects are caused by different mechanisms and support the duplex-mechanism account of auditory distraction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 38, no 5, 651-658 p.
Keyword [en]
short-term memory, working memory, auditory distraction
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-6231DOI: 10.3758/MC.38.5.651ISI: 000281812000011PubMedID: 20551344Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77956170370OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-6231DiVA: diva2:285013
Available from: 2010-01-10 Created: 2010-01-10 Last updated: 2016-07-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Role of Working Memory Capacity in Auditory Distraction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Role of Working Memory Capacity in Auditory Distraction
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2010. 54 p.
Series
Doctoral thesis/Luleå university of Technology, ISSN 1402-1544
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-6788 (URN)978-91-7439-098-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-06-04, Luleå, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-05-27 Created: 2010-05-19 Last updated: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Language
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