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Människors livskvalitet efter amputation av en extremitet: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

 

Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva livskvalitet hos personer som genomgått en amputation av en extremitet utifrån ett fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt perspektiv. Sökning av artiklar har utförts i databaserna Medline, Cinahl och genom manuell sökning i några av artiklarnas referenslistor. Sjutton artiklar valdes för analysen, som genomfördes på ett systematiskt arbetssätt där fynden i artiklarnas resultat grupperades i tre huvudkategorier och nio underkategorier. Artiklarnas kvalitet granskades med hjälp av checklistor.

Resultatet visade att patienter som amputerats fick hela sin existens förändrad. Faktorer som gav lägre livskvalitet hos patienterna var smärta, sämre fysisk funktion, minskad rörlighet och psykisk ohälsa. En faktor som gav bättre livskvalitet hos patienterna var användning av protes. Bättre livskvalitet hos patienterna uppmättes i områdena arbetsmiljö och tillfredsställelse inom familjelivet, jämfört med icke amputerade personer. Författarna ansåg att efter en amputation så omvärderade patienten olika delar i livet och uppskattade andra saker mer än människor som var friska, som kanske tog dessa för givet.

 

Nyckelord: Amputation, Livskvalitet, Funktionshinder

Abstract [en]

Abstract

 

The aim of this literature study was to describe the quality of life of persons who have undergone an amputation of a limb from a physical, mental and social perspective. Search through Medline, Cinahl databases and additional manual search in some of the articles reference lists was conducted. Seventeen articles were chosen for the analysis, which was carried out through a systematic approach and the findings in the articles results were grouped into three categories and nine subcategories. The quality of the articles was reviewed using checklists.

The results showed that patients who had been amputated had their whole existence changed. Factors that resulted in lower quality of life of patients were pain, worse physical function, decreased mobility and mental illness. One factor that resulted in better quality of life for patients was the use of prosthesis. Better quality of life in patients was measured in the areas of work environment and satisfaction in family life compared to the healthy subjects. The authors believed that after an amputation the patient revalued different aspects of life and appreciated other things more than people who are healthy, who might have taken things for granted.

 

Keywords: Amputation, Quality of Life, Disability

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 28
Keyword [en]
amputation, quality of life, disability
Keyword [sv]
amputation, livskvalitet, funktionshinder
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-6655Archive number: SSKHk07/vt10nr12OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-6655DiVA, id: diva2:310170
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-04-22 Created: 2010-04-13 Last updated: 2010-05-05Bibliographically approved

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