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Kvinnors ohälsosamma alkoholvanor: - En litteraturstudie kringbakomliggande sociala faktorer
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Litteraturstudiens syfte var att beskriva om/hur en kvinnas sociala situation och bakgrund inverkar på hennes ohälsosamma alkoholvanor. Datasökningen genomfördes i databasen MedLine (via PubMed). Nio artiklar uppfyllde inklusionskriterierna och bearbetades samt kvalitetsgranskades. Resultatet visade att olika stadier i en kvinnas liv såsom besvärliga uppväxtförhållanden, en tidig alkoholdebut och dåliga relationer i vuxenlivet inverkar negativt på hennes alkoholkonsumtion. Det fanns också ett klass- och genusperspektiv. Resultatet visade att kvinnor som hade en besvärlig uppväxt med våld och övergrepp konsumerade mer alkohol i det vuxna livet än de kvinnor som hade ”normal” uppväxt och vuxenliv. Ohälsosamma alkoholvanor var också relaterat till en tidig alkoholdebut och en tidig alkoholdebut var i sin tur relaterat till flickor som hade en låg självkänsla och ett aggressivt beteende. Kvinnor i relationer där partnern missbrukade, våldtog och misshandlade gjorde att kvinnans alkoholkonsumtion ökade. Klassperspektivet var tydligt sammanlänkat med en högre alkoholkonsumtion hos kvinnor som var skilda eller änkor, kvinnor som hade låg inkomst och låg utbildning, kvinnor som inte hade någon familj eller kvinnor som var deprimerade. Sammanfattningsvis visar resultatet att flera aspekter i en kvinnas liv såsom uppväxtförhållanden och socialsituation inverkar på hennes alkoholvanor. Detta är något som behöver uppmärksammas både i vården och i samhället.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this literature review was to describe if/how a woman´s social situation and background affects her unhealthy alcohol habits. A search in the Medline database found nine scientific articles. They were thoroughly processed and valued for quality. The results showed that different stages in a woman’s, life, upbringing, age of onset of drinking and relationships in adulthood had a negatively effect on her alcohol consumption. The results also highlighted a class and gender perspective. The results revealed that women, who went through childhood and adulthood with adverse experiences such as, sexually assaulted and abused physically or mentally were more likely to have hazardous high alcohol consumption rates in adulthood. Unhealthy alcohol habits were linked to the age of onset of drinking which also was linked to girls who had an aggressive behavior and a low self-esteem when they grew up. Women who lived in a relationship where the partner abused substance or assaulted her resulted in a more frequent alcohol drinking in more hazardous amounts. The class perspective was strongly associated with a woman’s unhealthy relations’ to alcohol for example; when the woman were widowed, divorced, women with a income around the poverty line, women with low or no education at all, women who had no family or women who were depressed, were more likely to have an high alcohol consumption then women who had a family, a good income and an education. In summary the result showed that several aspects in a woman’s life, upbringing and social situation do affect her alcohol habits. This is knowledge that needs attention both in the health care and in the society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
women, alcohol drinking, socioeconomic factors, health
Keyword [sv]
kvinnor, alkoholkonsumtion, socialsituation, hälsa
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-6676Archive number: SSKHk07/vt10nr17OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-6676DiVA: diva2:311041
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok

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Available from: 2010-04-22 Created: 2010-04-19 Last updated: 2010-05-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf