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Behandlingsmetoder samt dess effekter för barn och ungdomar med övervikt och fetma: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva behandlingsmetoder och dess effekter för barn och ungdomar med övervikt och fetma. Data samlades in via databasen Medline/Pubmed och 14 artiklar inkluderades i resultatet. Resultatet delades sedan in i olika kategorier. Resultatet visar att det finns olika typer av behandlingsmetoder för barn och ungdomar med övervikt och fetma dock, ger de olika resultat. Kirurgiskbehandling har visats sig ha god effekt trots dess biverkningar. Kombinerad läkemedelsbehandling, så som kost och motions förändringar kombinerat med något av läkemedlen sibutramin eller orlistat, har även visat på gott resultat. Det finns även olika verktyg i behandlingen mot övervikt och fetma exempel på detta är en mandometer som har visats sig vara ett bra hjälpmedel. Behandlingsmetoder som inriktar sig mot skolväsendet har ej visat på några större skillnader i vikt eller BMI. Att involvera hela familjen i behandlingsmetoder som inriktar sig på kost och motion har visat positiva resultat på viktminskning samt BMI reduktion. Författarna till föreliggande studie ansåg att familjebaserade viktminskningsprogram var mest effektiva då de visade på bäst resultat i viktminskning samt BMI reduktion. Andra behandlings metoder så som kirurgi och läkemedel i kombination med kost och motions förändringar visade också på goda resultat dock påvisade behandlingarna vissa biverkningar.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

The purpose of this literature study was to describe the treatment and its effects on children and adolescents with overweight and obesity. Data were collected through the database Medline / Pubmed and 14 articles were included in the result. The result was then entered into various categories. The result show that there are different types of treatments for children and adolescents with overweight and obesity, they have however given different results. Surgical treatment has been shown to be effective despite its adverse effects. Combined drug therapy, such as changes in diet and exercise combined with one of the drugs sibutramine and orlistat, has also shown good effect. There are also various tools in the treatment of overweight and obesity and one example of this is a mandometer which has shown to be a useful tool in the treatment of overweight and obesity. Programs targeting school based system have not revealed any major differences in weight or BMI. Involving the entire family in programs that focus on changes in diet and exercise has shown positive results in weight loss and BMI reduction. The authors of the present study found that family-based weight loss program was most effective due to that they showed the best results in weight loss and BMI reduction. Other treatment methods such as surgery and medication combined with changes in diet and exercise also showed good results, they have however shown some side effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 33
Keywords [sv]
Barn, ungdomar, övervikt, fetma, behandling
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-6696Archive number: SSKHk07/vt10nr19OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-6696DiVA, id: diva2:311542
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-04-22 Created: 2010-04-21 Last updated: 2010-05-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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Output format
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