hig.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Patienters uppfattningar och upplevelser av vårdmiljön: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med föreliggande litteraturstudie var att sammanställa aktuell forskning och därmed beskriva patienters uppfattningar och upplevelser av vårdmiljön. Artikelsökningen genomfördes i databasen MedLine (via PubMed) och kompletterades med manuell sökning i valda källors litteraturlistor. Elva artiklar som motsvarade studiens syfte granskades och resultatet sammanställdes enligt Katie Erikssons syn på miljö. Under den andliga miljön sorterades kategorin naturen utanför. Under den psykosociala miljön sorterades kategorierna estetiken – avspeglar vården, välkomnande miljöer, vårdmiljöns betydelse för en bevarad integritet, hemlika miljöer samt sjuksköterskan – en del av vårdmiljön. Under den fysiska miljön sorterades kategorierna ljus, ljud och lukt, enkel- och flerbäddssalar samt aktiviteter. Resultatet visade att närheten till naturen ansågs främja vården, vilket även god estetik samt välkomnande miljöer gjorde. Vårdmiljön visade sig ha möjligheter att främja känslan av en bevarad integritet, framförallt gällande vistelse i enkel- eller flerbäddssalar. En hemlik miljö där patienter kunde känna igen sig, påvisades inge trygghet och personlig kontroll. Sjuksköterskan ansågs ha stor möjlighet att påverka huruvida vårdmiljön uppfattades som positiv eller negativ. Resultatet visade att omvårdnadsteoretikernas tankar kring miljöbegreppet från 1800 och 1900 - talet fortfarande är aktuella. Då det ständigt sker en förändring i samhället och missnöje framkommer angående vårdmiljön är fortsatt forskning inom området nödvändigt.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the literature review was to compile current research and thus describe patients’ perceptions and experiences of the care environment. Browse were conducted through the database MedLine (PubMed) and supplemented with manual search in the reference lists. Eleven articles representing the study purpose was reviewed and the results were compiled according to Katie Eriksson’s approach of the environment. In the spiritual environment the category nature was included. In the psychosocial environment the categories aesthetics - reflecting care, welcoming environments, the care environments’ importance for preserved integrity, home-like environments, and the nurse - a part of the care environment was included. Under the physical environment the categories lighting, sound and smell, single-and multi-bed rooms and activities were included.  The result showed that being close to nature was considered facilitate the care, which also good aesthetics and welcoming environments did. The care environment was shown to have opportunities to promote a feeling of preserved integrity, especially stays in single or multi-bed rooms. A home-like environment, where patients could recognize themselves, was considered secure. The nurse was reported to influence the care environment in both a positive and a negative direction. Finally, the result shows that the nursing theorist’s views of the environment from 1800 - 1900s, still are in question. However, the society is constantly changing and dissatisfaction about the care environment have been reported, further research is necessary.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
Care environment, patients, nurse
Keyword [sv]
Vårdmiljö, patienter, sjuksköterskan
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-6713Archive number: SSKHk07/vt10nr24OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-6713DiVA: diva2:312491
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok

Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-04-27 Created: 2010-04-25 Last updated: 2010-05-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(645 kB)1061 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 645 kBChecksum SHA-512
93c320c4da3213aacc1ccd5d6057749794fa61b2937590caea7f3767d6bac2f4ce78331b7409070796c50d09773691f170984f7c5e41bf0f11bf3795da9195e1
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Olsson, JohannaBerggren, Sara
By organisation
Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 1061 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 479 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf