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Relationships between coping, coping resources and quality of life in patients with chronic illness: a pilot study
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Section of Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. (Att leva med långvarig ohälsa)
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. (Att leva med långvarig ohälsa)
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing science. (Att leva med långvarig ohälsa)
2011 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 476-483Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden there are approximately about 3500 end-stage renal disease and 250 000 chronic heart failure patients. 

Objectives: The original purpose of the study was to determine differences between two groups of patients with chronic illness (end-stage renal disease and chronic heart failure) regarding the following study variables: coping, sense of coherence, self-efficacy and quality of life. Following this, the aim was to explore the relationships between demographic variables (sex, age, educational level and living area) and quality of life as well as between coping, sense of coherence, self-efficacy and quality of life for the combined sample of patients with end-stage renal disease and chronic heart failure.

Methods: A comparative and correlative design was used with a sample of 100 patients (n=41 end-stage renal disease, n=59 chronic heart failure). The data were collected during 2004, using four standardized questionnaires and regression analyses were conducted.

Results: No significant differences were found between the two groups. Positive correlations were identified between sense of coherence, general self-efficacy and quality of life, whereas negative correlations emerge between emotion-focused coping, sense of coherence, general self-efficacy and quality of life. Sense of coherence, general self-efficacy and emotion-focused coping explained 40% of the variance in quality of life. Those with low sense of coherence and general self-efficacy showed negative correlations between emotion-focused coping and quality of life, whereas no such correlations were shown for those with high values on sense of coherence and general self-efficacy.    

Conclusions: The present results on coping and quality of life correspond with previous research regarding how other groups with chronic illness handled their daily life. Preliminary results indicate that how individuals tackle their present situation is more important than which chronic illness they have. Women used more emotion-focused coping than men, which constitute an important finding for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 25, no 3, p. 476-483
Keywords [en]
chronic illness, coping, self-efficacy, sense of coherence, quality of life
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-7707DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2010.00851.xISI: 000293756500009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-80051575193OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-7707DiVA, id: diva2:354970
Projects
LVO-CopQoLAvailable from: 2010-10-05 Created: 2010-10-05 Last updated: 2018-03-28Bibliographically approved

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Kristofferzon, Marja-LeenaLindqvist, RagnyNilsson, Annika

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