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Upplevelse av hälsa och välbefinnande hos vuxna personer med Typ 1 Diabetes Mellitus: en kvantitativ studie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte var att beskriva upplevelse av hälsa och välbefinnande hos vuxna personer med Typ 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM). Jämförelser gjordes även mellan kön och åldrar. Urvalet gjordes från medlemmar i Gävleborgs Diabetesförbund och bestod utav 56 personer (kvinnor

n 30, män n 26) med ett åldersspann mellan 19-76. Använd datainsamlingsmetod var en förkortad och översatt version av mätinstrumentet Ryff’s Psychological Well being Scale. Enkäten bestod utav 18 frågor inom de 6 dimensioner som instrumentet består utav: Självacceptans, positiva relationer med andra, autonomi, levnadskontroll, meningen med livet samt personlig utveckling. Resultatet visade att gruppen T1DM skattade sig generellt högt inom hälsa och välbefinnande men lägst inom dimensionen autonomi och högst inom positiva relationer med andra. Statistisk signifikans framkom vid jämförelse av åldersgrupperna 19-39 och 40-60 inom dimensionerna meningen med livet samt personlig utveckling där gruppen 19-39 skattade sig högst inom båda dimensionerna. Statistisk signifikans kunde även påvisas vid jämförelse av samtliga 3 åldersgrupper inom dimensionen meningen med livet där gruppen 19-39 skattade sig högst och 61+ lägst. Slutligen kunde statistisk signifikans påvisas mellan könen inom dimensionen positiva relationer med andra där kvinnorna skattade sig högre än männen.

Vidare forskning behövs inom området som rör personer med T1DM för att förbättra allmän hälsa och välbefinnande.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe the experience health and well-being among adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Comparison was made regarding sex and age. The sample was taken from Gävleborgs Diabetesförbund and consisted of 56 persons (women

n 30, men n 26) aged between 19 and 76. Health and well-being was measured with a shortened translated 18 item version of the instrument Ryff’s Psychological Well being Scale. The 18 items describe the 6 dimensions of the instrument which it is built on: self-acceptance, positive relationships with others, autonomy, environmental mastery, purpose in life and personal growth.

The result shows that the group T1DM estimated themselves generally high in health and well-being but lowest in the dimension

autonomy and highest in positive relations with others. Statistical significance was shown in comparison between age groups 19-39 and 40-60 in the dimensions purpose in life and personal growth, where the group 19-39 estimated themselves highest in both dimensions. Statistical significance was also demonstrated in comparison between all age groups in the dimension purpose in life, where the group 19-39 estimated themselves highest and 61+ lowest. Finally, statistical significance was shown between the sexes in the dimension positive relations with others, where the women estimated themselves higher than the men.

Further research is needed in the area that involves persons with T1DM to improve their general health and well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
Health, Well-Being, Type 1 Diabetes, Adult
Keywords [sv]
Hälsa, Välbefinnande, Typ 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Vuxna
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-7910Archive number: SSKVK08/ht10nr6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-7910DiVA, id: diva2:360728
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-12-03 Created: 2010-11-04 Last updated: 2010-12-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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