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Sjuksköterskors attityder gentemot patienter med psykisk ohälsa: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna beskrivande litteraturstudie var att belysa sjuksköterskors attityder gentemot patienter med psykisk ohälsa. En litteratursökning genomfördes och 12 vetenskapliga artiklar valdes ut till det slutliga resultatet. Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskorna hade en rädd attityd, en stressad attityd, en osäker attityd, en säker attityd samt en diskriminerande attityd gentemot patienter med psykisk ohälsa. Samhällets stigmatiserade syn på psykisk ohälsa påverkade sjuksköterskorna negativt i deras yrkesroll då de kunde utveckla en rädd, osäker och diskriminerande attityd.  Kunskap och erfarenhet om psykisk ohälsa var något som resultatet visade förbättrade sjuksköterskornas bemötande och gav dem en säker attityd. Sjuksköterskornas arbetsmiljö som i dagens samhälle kan innebära stress och nedskärningar leder till en negativ och stressad attityd samt en sämre patientrelation. Information och utbildning om psykisk ohälsa är något som författarna till föreliggande studie anser är av stor vikt för att minska den stigmatiserande och diskriminerande attityden hos sjuksköterskor. Slutsatsen av denna studie visar på att sjuksköterskornas attityder gentemot patienter med psykisk ohälsa är av både positiv och negativ karaktär som grundas i dagens samhälles stigmatiserade syn, kunskapsbrist samt sjuksköterskornas livserfarenheter och värdegrunder.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this descriptive literature review was to illuminate nurses´ attitudes towards patients with mental illnesses. A literature search was performed and 12 scientific articles were chosen which form the basis of this report. The result of this study shows that nurses had five main attitudes, a frighten attitude, a stressed attitude, an unsecure attitude, a confident attitude and a discriminating attitude towards patients with mental illnesses. Nurses´ attitudes towards patients with mental illness are affected by society's stigmatized view of people with mental illnesses. Nurses´ attitudes towards patients with mental illnesses include fear, insecurity and discrimination. Knowledge and experience of patients with mental illnesses resulted in more confident attitudes towards these patients and improved their interaction with them. Nurses work in a more stressful environment than previously, partly due to economic strains on health care leading to staff reduction which affects nurses´ relationships with their patients negatively. Information and education about mental illnesses is something which the authors of this study believe is of great importance in order to reduce the stigmatization and discriminating attitude held by nurses towards patients with mental illnesses. The conclusion of this study shows that nurses´ attitudes towards patients with mental illnesses are of both negative and positive character which origins in society’s stigmatized view, lack of knowledge and the nurses experiences in life and their values.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 26
Keyword [en]
mental illness, attitude, nurse, patient
Keyword [sv]
psykisk ohälsa, attityd, sjuksköterska, patient
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-7978Archive number: SSKVK08/ht10nr5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-7978DiVA, id: diva2:370205
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-12-03 Created: 2010-11-15 Last updated: 2010-12-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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