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Hemodialyspatienters uppfattning om begreppet torrvikt
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva hur hemodialyspatienter uppfattar begreppet torrvikt. Studien utnyttjade en beskrivande design med kvalitativ ansats. Data insamlades via intervjuer med öppen frågeställning. Tio intervjuer utfördes med patienter på en dialysenhet i Mellansverige. Manifest innehållsanalys användes för att analysera materialet. Resultatet utmynnade i sex kategorier: överlämnande, okunskap, börda, delaktighet, insikt och ignorans.

Begreppet torrvikt är grundläggande vid genomförandet av en adekvat och säker hemodialysbehandling, eftersom torrvikten styr avgörande delar av behandlingsregimen.

Huvudresultatet visade att vissa av deltagarna i studien inte har någon uppfattning om vad begreppet torrvikt är och vad det innebär. Andra deltagare uttryckte en känsla av utanförskap samt upplevde torrvikten som en börda i vardagslivet. Vissa av deltagarna kände sig mer delaktig i sin situation när de gjorde en del kontroller under behandlingen själv.

I det kliniska arbetet har dialyssköterskan en viktig uppgift i att bistå patienten att uppnå förståelse för vilken central roll begreppet torrvikt har för dennes behandling. Vad begreppet står för utgör en barriär i kommunikationen mellan den dialysbehövande och dennes vårdgivare/sjuksköterska. Konklusionen i denna studie påvisar att det finns brister i kunskapsförmedlingen till dialyspatienter. Resultatet kan ha betydelse för fortsatt utveckling i den kliniska verksamheten.

 

 

Nyckelord: Torrvikt, undervisning, dialys.

 

Abstract [en]

Abstract The purpose of this study was to describe how haemodialysis patients perceive the concept of dry weight. The study used a descriptive design with a qualitative approach. Data was collected through interviews with open questions. Ten interviews were carried out with participants at a dialysis unit in central Sweden. Manifest content analysis was used to analyze the material. The analysis resulted in six categories: presentment, ignorance, burden, empowerment, insight and neglection. The concept of dry weight is essential in the implementation of an adequate and safe hemodialysis treatment, since the dry weight control crucial aspects of the treatment regimen. The main results showed that few of the participants in the study had no idea of what the concept of dry weight was and what it meant. Some of the participants expressed a sense of alienation and felt that dry weight was a burden in everyday life. A few of the participants felt more involved of their situation when they did some checks during treatment itself. In the clinical work has dialysis nurse an important role in assisting the patient to achieve understanding of the crucial role that the concepts of dry weight are on their treatment. What the concept stands for is a barrier in communication between the patient and his/hers caregiver/nurse. The conclusion of this study demonstrates that there are gaps in knowledge mediation to dialysis patients. Results may be important for further development in the clinical practice.

 

 

 

Keywords: Dry weight, education, dialysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , p. 16
Keywords [en]
dry weight, education, dialysis
Keywords [sv]
torrvikt, undervisning, dialys
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-8389Archive number: FKOMVC/vt09nr28OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-8389DiVA, id: diva2:395290
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-02-08 Created: 2011-02-05 Last updated: 2011-02-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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