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Upplevelse av hälsa bland adopterade: 10 vuxna internationellt adopterade berättar om sin hälsa
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Till Sverige har det idag från utlandet adopterats ca 49 500 personer. Bland dessa personer har psykisk ohälsa och social problematik visat sig vara vanligt förekommande. I Folkhälsorapport 2009 uppmärksammas att barn som adopteras från länder utanför Europa vårdas två till tre gånger så ofta på sjukhus under ungdomsåren på grund av psykiatrisk sjuklighet, som ungdomar födda i Sverige. När det handlar om hälsa hos adopterade är det viktigt att beakta den speciella livssituation som det innebär att vara adopterad. Internationellt adopterade individer växer ofta upp i familjer med bättre socioekonomiska förhållanden, än den genomsnittliga ungdomen i Sverige. Trots det så talas det om en ökad sårbarhet hos adopterade.

Avsikten med denna uppsats var att beskriva hur vuxna internationellt adopterade upplever sin hälsa, samt på vilket sätt de anser att situationen som adopterad påverkar hälsan. Intresset var att betrakta hälsa ur ett fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt perspektiv. Kvalitativa intervjuer genomfördes med tio vuxna informanter, adopterade från länder utanför Europa. Data analyserades med innehållsanalys, där det framkom olika teman. Dessa var: upplevd hälsostatus, faktorer som påverkar hälsan, samt: tankar kring hur situationen som adopterad påverkar hälsan.

Av resultatet framgick att informanterna upplever sin hälsa som god. Faktorer som har inverkan på informanternas hälsa är bland annat kost, fysisk aktivitet, stressnivå och att ha goda sociala nätverk. Det förekom en medvetenhet hos informanterna om att situationen som adopterad kan bidra till ohälsa, även om de framhåller att det inte berör dem själva. Omständigheter kring att ha ett avvikande utseende framkom som den främsta orsaken till att situationen som adopterad påverkar den psykiska hälsan.

Abstract [en]

Today, Sweden has an estimated 49 500 adoptees from overseas. According to reports, many of these adoptees experience mental ill-health as well as social problems. The 2009 Public Health Report indicated that children adopted from countries outside Europe had two to three times higher risk of hospitalization during adolescence due to psychiatric morbidity as compared to those born in Sweden.

International adoptees often grow up in families with better socioeconomic conditions, than the average youth in Sweden.  However, evidence shows that they experience increased vulnerability.

The purpose of this study was to describe how adult international adoptees perceive their health and how they think the situation as an adoptee affect health.

Qualitative interviews were conducted with ten informants who were adopted from countries outside Europe. Data were analyzed using content analysis, which revealed various themes (perceived health status; factors that affect health and thoughts how the situation as an adoptee affect health).

Results showed that respondents perceived their health as good. Informants perceived health, including diet, physical activity, stress level and having good social networks as factors which had impact on their health and well being. Furthermore there was recognition by informants that the situation as an adoptee can contribute to ill health, although they stressed that it did not concern themselves. However, many referred that their appearance had a significant impact on their psychological well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
adoptees, health, Sweden
Keywords [sv]
adopterade, hälsa
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-9748Archive number: HPPC-H10-15OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-9748DiVA, id: diva2:432195
Subject / course
Public health science
Educational program
Health education
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-09-14 Created: 2011-07-04 Last updated: 2011-09-14Bibliographically approved

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