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Violence and self-reported health: does individual socioeconomic position matter?
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, and Division of Public Health Sciences, Mid-Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, and Departmento de Epidemiologia, Universidade do Estado de Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, and Division of Public Health Sciences, Mid-Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science.
2012 (English)In: Journal of Injury and Violence Research, ISSN 2008-2053, E-ISSN 2008-4072, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 87-95Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Violence is a major public health problem. Both clinical and population based studies shows that violence against men and women has physical and psychological health consequences. However, elsewhere and in Sweden little is known of the effect of individual socioeconomic position (SEP) on the relation between violence and health outcomes. Objective: This study aimed to assess the effect of individual SEP on the relation between violence and three health outcomes (general health, pain and anxiety) among women in Stockholm County.

METHODS: The study used data from the Stockholm Public Health Survey, a cross-sectional survey carried out in 2006 for the Stockholm County Council by Statistic Sweden. 34 704 respondents answered the survey, the response rate was sixty one percent. Analyses were carried out using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis in SPSS v.17.0.

RESULTS: Individual SEP increased the odds of reporting poor health outcomes among victimized women in Stockholm County. Regarding self-reported health women in low-SEP who reported victimization in the past twelve months had odds of 2,36 (95% CI 1.48-3.77) for the age group 18-29 years and 3.78 (95% CI 2.53-5.64) for the age group 30-44 years compared with women in high-SEP and non-victim. For pain the odds was 2,41 (95% CI 1,56-3,73) for the age group 18-29 years and 2,98 (95% CI 1,99-4,46) for women aged 30-44 years. Regarding anxiety the age group 18-29 years had odds of 2,53 (95% CI 1,58-4,03) and for the age group 30-44 years had odds of 3,87 (95% CI 2,55-5,87).

CONCLUSIONS: Results showed that individual SEP (measured by occupation) matters to the relationship between violence and health outcomes such as general self-reported health, pain and anxiety. Women in lower SEP who experienced victimization in the past twelve months had increased odds of reporting poorer self-rated health, pain and anxiety compared to those in higher SEP with no experience of victimization. However, further exploration of the relationship between poverty, individual SEP is needed using other Swedish population samples.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 4, no 2, p. 87-95
Keywords [en]
Violence, Self-reported health, Socioeconomic position, Inequalities, Injury prevention, Stockholm, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-10079DOI: 10.5249/jivr.v4i2.122PubMedID: 21546790OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-10079DiVA, id: diva2:440042
Available from: 2011-09-11 Created: 2011-09-11 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Macassa, Gloria

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