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Boosting in athletes with high-level spinal cord injury: Knowledge, incidence and attitudes of athletes in paralympic sport
Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
Faculty of Kinesiology and Recreation Management, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.
Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
Department of Kinesiology and Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, United States.
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2010 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 32, no 26, 2172-2190 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) is unique to individuals with spinal injuries (SCI) at T6 or above and can be voluntarily induced. Although AD improves wheelchair racing performance in some athletes, it also elicits exaggerated blood pressure, which could be dangerous. The International Paralympic Committee considers AD doping and banned its use. Purpose. The purpose of this study is to evaluate AD knowledge, incidence and attitudes (KIA) of Paralympians with SCI. Methods. An existing questionnaire was modified to include questions of AD KIA, validated by three experts and piloted with a small sample. It was administered on-line, mailed to members of a scientific network and distributed during the Beijing Paralympic Games. Fisher Exact test was used to evaluate differences across gender, injury and education. Results. Of 99 participants, 54.5% had previously heard of AD while 39.4% were unaware; 16.7%, all males, had used AD to enhance performance. Participants reported that AD was (1) useful for middle (78.6%) and long distance (71.4%), marathon (64.3%) and wheelchair rugby (64.3%); (2) somewhat dangerous (48.9%), dangerous (21.3%) or very dangerous (25.5%) to health. Results were not influenced by age, injury level or injury duration. Conclusions. Findings indicate the need for educational programmes directed towards enhancing the AD knowledge of rehabilitation professionals, coaches and trainers working with SCI individuals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 32, no 26, 2172-2190 p.
Keyword [en]
Boosting survey, paralympic athletes
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-10279DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2010.505678ISI: 000284632800005PubMedID: 20718622Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-78649697708OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-10279DiVA: diva2:442549
Available from: 2011-09-21 Created: 2011-09-21 Last updated: 2016-07-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
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