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Interaktionen mellan vårdare och personer med demens i samband med taktil massage: en observationsstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att beskriva interaktionen mellan vårdare och personer med demens i samband med taktil massage samt att beskriva vårdarnas upplevelse av vad som hände i interaktionen. Studien hade en beskrivande design och omfattade två personer med demens (två fall) samt tre vårdare. Varje fall omfattade fem observationstillfällen. Data samlades in via ostrukturerade observationer av behandlingstillfällen med taktil massage samt efterföljande intervjuer med vårdarna som utförde behandlingen. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att analysera data. Resultatet som framkom i de två fall som har studerats redovisas var för sig utifrån respektive tema. Temat i fall 1 – Att må bra av kontakt men vara besvärad av beröring – tydliggör hur individerna samspelade i samband med taktil massage samt vad som utgjorde svårigheter för en god interaktion. Temat i fall 2 – Från att inte förstå och nonchalera till gradvis ökad respons och tillit – speglar personen med demens utveckling i samspelet med vårdarna som gav taktil massage. Slutsatsen är att taktil massage kan utgöra ett redskap för interaktion för vissa personer med demens medan det istället blir ett hinder i interaktionen för andra.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to describe the interaction between caregivers and persons with dementia during soft touch massage and to describe the caregivers experience of what happened in the interaction. The study had a descriptive design and included two persons with dementia (two cases) and three caregivers. Each case included five observations. Data were collected through unstructured participant observations of treatments with soft touch massage and thereafter interviews with the caregivers who performed the treatment. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze data. The result which emerged in the two cases that was studied is presented each separately based on the respective themes. The theme in case 1 - To appreciate the contact but to be uncomfortable of touch - illustrates how the individuals interacted with each other during the massage and what prevented a good interaction. The theme in case 2 – From not understanding and ignore to gradually increased response and trust - reflects the development in the person with dementia´s interaction with the caregivers who performed the massage. The conclusion of the study is that soft touch massage can be a tool for interaction with some people with dementia and an obstacle in the interaction with others.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , p. 33
Keywords [sv]
demens, interaktion, observationsstudie, taktil massage
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-11074Archive number: SPECDSKvt11/nr54OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-11074DiVA, id: diva2:466869
Subject / course
Caring science
Educational program
Specialist nursing – master’s programme (one year)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-12-20 Created: 2011-12-16 Last updated: 2012-01-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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