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Upplevelsen av livskvalitet hos strokepatienter utifrån ett fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt perspektiv – en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syftet

med denna studie var att beskriva hur strokepatienter upplever sin livskvalitet utifrån ett fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt perspektiv. Metoden för denna litteraturstudie med beskrivande design var att ta fram artiklar genom sökning i databaserna Academic Search Elite, Cinahl, Pubmed. Femton artiklar som uppfyllde inklusionskriterierna hittades och användes i föreliggande studie. Resultatet visar att livskvaliteten kan påverkas negativt efter en stroke och kan leda till att patienten förlorar en del av sin identitet. Stroke kan förändra patienternas liv och tvinga dem att anpassa sig till sin nya situation, en situation där smärta och olika typer av funktionsnedsättningar och kommunikationssvårigheter kan vara en del av vardagen. Dessa funktionsnedsättningar kan leda till både psykiska problem såsom ångest och depression och isolering. Resultatet visar även att individanpassad vård är nyckeln till en lyckad rehabilitering. Slutsatsen är att hälsovårdspersonal behöver se människan som en helhet och ta hänsyn till både fysiska, psykiska och sociala aspekter för att kunna erbjuda strokepatienter en effektiv vård. Dessutom, sjuksköterskor behöver förstå varje patients unika situation för att kunna skapa en optimal vårdplan.

Nyckelord: stroke, livskvalitet, fysisk, psykisk, social

Abstract [en]

Abstract

The aim

of the study was to describe how stroke patients perceive their quality of life from a physical, psychological and social perspective. The method of this literature study with a descriptive design was to search articles in the databases Academic Search Elite, Cinahl, Pubmed. Fifteen articles that met the inclusion criteria were found and used in the present study. The results showed that the quality of life might be adversely affected by a stroke and can cause the patients to lose part of their identity. Stroke can change patients' lives and force them to adapt to their new situation, a situation in which pain and various types of disabilities and communication difficulties can be a part of everyday life. These impairments can lead to both mental health problems such as anxiety and depression and isolation. The results also show that individualized care is the key source to a successful rehabilitation. The conclusion is that health-care professionals need to see humans as a whole and take into account both the physical, psychological and social aspects in order to provide stroke patients efficient treatment. Furthermore, nurses need to understand each patients´ unique situation in order to create an optimal treatment plan.

Keywords: stroke, quality of life, physical, psychological, social

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , p. 29
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-11273Archive number: SSKVk09-29OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-11273DiVA, id: diva2:474781
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Presentation
(Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-01-24 Created: 2012-01-09 Last updated: 2012-01-24Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Department of Health and Caring SciencesFaculty of Health and Occupational Studies
Nursing

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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Output format
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