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Motiverande samtal som metod i hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens hälsofrämjande arbete: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte med studien var att beskriva motiverande samtal som användbar metod i hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens hälsofrämjande arbete med patienter som är i behov av livsstilsförändringar. Metod var en deskriptiv litteraturstudie som inkluderade 12 stycken vetenskapliga artiklar med både kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats. Litteratursökningen gjordes i databaserna Medline/PubMed och Cinahl. Resultat visade att motiverande samtal är en användbar metod framförallt för sjuksköterskan men är även användbar för all hälso- och sjukvårdpersonal. Resultatet visar även att motiverande samtal är en användbar metod i det hälsofrämjande arbetet utanför vårdrummet. Studiens resultat visar att motiverande samtal har goda effekter på livsstilsförändringar hos många olika patientgrupper, allt från diabetespatienter och deras följsamhet i vården, till att få afro-amerikaner att äta mer frukt och grönsaker. Slutsats var att motiverande samtal är en användbar metod för all hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal i deras hälsofrämjande arbete. Motiverande samtal är också en metod som fungerar på i stort sett alla patient- och åldersgrupper.

 

 

Nyckelord: Motiverande samtal, sjuksköterska och livsstilsförändring.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe motivational interviewing as a useful method for health care staffs in their work to promote health with patients who are in need of lifestyle changes. The method was a descriptive literature study that included 12 scientific articles with both qualitative and quantitative approach. The literature search was performed in the databases Medline/PubMed and Cinahl. The result showed that motivational interviewing is a useful method especially for nurses but it´s also useful for all health care professionals. The results also show that motivational interviewing is a useful method to people without any medical training. Our results demonstrate that motivational interviewing has good effects on lifestyle changes for many different groups of patients, ranging from diabetes patients and their compliance in care, to getting African Americans to eat more fruits and vegetables. The conclusion was that motivational interviewing is a useful method for health care professionals in their health promotion work. Motivational interviewing is a method that works on almost all patients and age groups.

 

 

Keywords: Motivational interviewing, nurse and lifestyle change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Motivational interviewing, nurse, lifestyle change
Keywords [sv]
Motiverande samtal, sjuksköterska, livsstilsförändringar
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-11721Archive number: SSKHk09-09OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-11721DiVA, id: diva2:515525
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-04-20 Created: 2012-04-13 Last updated: 2012-04-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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