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Livskvalitet hos äldre med diabetes typ 2: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

 

Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka hur livskvaliteten upplevs hos äldre personer över 65 år med diabetes typ 2. Metoden var en beskrivande litteraturstudie. Totalt granskades 14 artiklar. Datasökningen genomfördes i Pub Med och sökorden som användes var type 2 diabetes, quality of life, health-related quality of life och HRQoL. Tre områden identifierades: fysisk, psykisk och social påverkan på livskvaliteten. Resultatet i föreliggande litteraturstudie visade att ju fler komplikationer i kombination med sin diabetes den äldre personen har, desto sämre upplevs livskvaliteten. Insulinbehandling visade sig påverka äldre personer med diabetes typ 2 och deras livskvalitet negativt, däremot visade studier att om den äldre personen själv får sköta sina insulininjektioner samt blodsockerkontroller påverkas livskvaliteten positivt. Föreliggande litteraturstudies resultat visade även att personer som får undervisning om sin diabetes och sin egenvård upplever en högre livskvalitet. Andra faktorer som påverkade upplevd livskvalitet var sociodemografiska faktorer som kön, ålder, utbildning och inkomst. Slutsatsen av denna litteraturstudie är att information och utbildning till personer med diabetes typ 2, gällande sjukdomen och dess komplikationer, leder till att de upplever högre livskvalitet.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine how quality of life was experienced by older people over the age of 65 with diabetes type 2. The method was a descriptive literature review. In total, 14 articles were reviewed. Articles were retrieved from PubMed and keywords used was type 2 diabetes, quality of life, health-related quality of life and the short form HRQoL.Three main categories were identified: physical, psychological and social impact on the quality of life. The result of this literature study showed that the more complications in combination with their diabetes the older person has, the worse the perceived health-related quality of life. Insulin treatment was found to affect older people with type 2 diabetes and their quality of life negatively, however, studies showed that if the older person can manage their insulin injections and their blood sugar monitoring affected the quality of life positively.The present literature study also showed that people who receive education about their diabetes and their self-care experience a higher quality of life. Other factors that affect the quality of life are the socio-demographic factors such as gender, age, education and income. The conclusion from this literature study shows that information and education to people with diabetes type 2, regarding the disease and its complications affects the quality of life positively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , p. 24
Keywords [en]
diabetes type 2, quality of life, health-related quality of life, HRQoL
Keywords [sv]
diabetes typ 2, livskvaliteten, hälsorelaterat livskvalitet, HRQoL
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-11807Archive number: SSKHk09-24OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-11807DiVA, id: diva2:525434
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-05-14 Created: 2012-05-02 Last updated: 2012-05-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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