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Vegetation och lutningars påverkan på osäkerheten hos laserdata för en ny nationell höjdmodell
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Lantmäteriet har fått i uppdrag att ta fram en Ny Nationell Höjdmodell (NNH) över Sverige. Höjddata samlas in med flygburen laserskanning (FLS) och osäkerheten i höjd ligger generellt sett under 0,1 m på hårda plana ytor, dock kan osäkerheten öka avsevärt i terrängtyper med tät vegetation eller i områden med starkt sluttande terräng. Syftet med detta examensarbete är att kontrollera hur osäkerheten påverkas av olika vegetationstyper samt olika lutningsgrader. Provningen utfördes i delar av Avesta och Hedemora kommun i april 2012, där nio olika provytor kontrollerades enligt den tekniska specifikationen SIS-TS 21145:2007 ”Byggmätning – Statistisk provning av digital terrängmodell”. Kontrollprofiler mättes in i provytorna med Nätverks Real Time Kinematic Global Navigation Satellite System (NRTK-GNSS) för de provytor detta var möjligt, övriga provytor inmättes med totalstation. Analysen genomfördes i programvaran TerraScan där triangulerat laserdata jämfördes mot inmätta kontrollprofiler. Resultatet visar att laserdata ligger högre än markytan för alla provytor. Medelavvikelsen för de olika vegetationstyperna ligger mellan 0,105 och 0,593 m där systematiska avvikelser upptäcktes i flera provytor. För de olika lutningsgraderna ligger medelavvikelsen mellan 0,024 och 0,122 m, där en tydlig ökning sker vid 40 graders lutning. Troliga orsaker till de medelavvikelser som erhållits för vegetationstyperna är att punkter felaktigt klassificerats som mark, samt att det i vissa fall helt saknas punkter på markytan. För provytan med 40 graders lutning beror medelavvikelsen troligen på att det horisontella felet har inverkat på det vertikala. Tät vegetation påverkar osäkerheten i höjd men något tydligt samband mellan lutningsgrad och osäkerhet kan inte ses.

Abstract [en]

Lantmäteriet – the Swedish mapping, cadastral and land registration authority, has been commissioned to develop a new national elevation model of Sweden and the data is collected by airborne laser scanning. The uncertainty in height is generally less than 0,1 m on hard, flat surfaces but in terrain with dense vegetation and areas with high inclination the uncertainty can increase significantly. The purpose of this study is to check how the uncertainty is affected by different vegetation types and different degrees of inclination. The control was performed in parts of Avesta and Hedemora municipality in April 2012, where nine different plots were checked according to the technical specification SIS-TS 21145:2007 “Engineering survey for construction works – Statistical test of digital terrain model”. Profiles were measured with Network Real Time Kinematic Global Navigation Satellite System (NRTK-GNSS) where possible, and otherwise a total station was used. The analysis was performed in the software TerraScan in which triangulated laser data were compared with the control profiles. The result shows that laser measured heights are higher than the actual surface. The average deviation of the different vegetation types range from 0,150 to 0,593 m and a systematic deviation was detected in some sample surfaces. For the different slope rates the average deviation ranged from 0,024 to 0,122 m where a clear increase could be seen at 40 degrees inclination. Likely reasons for the deviations obtained for different vegetation types are that points incorrectly has been classified as ground, and that in some cases points on the ground are completely missing. The mean deviation for the sample surface with 40 degrees inclination is probably due to the influence of a horizontal error on the vertical error. Dense vegetation affects the uncertainty in height, but no apparent relationship between inclination and uncertainty can be seen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , p. iv+36+bilagor
Keywords [sv]
Ny nationell höjdmodell, NNH, digital höjdmodell, SIS-TS 21145:2007, flygburen laserskanning, kontroll, GNSS
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-12027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-12027DiVA, id: diva2:533301
Subject / course
Lantmäteriteknik
Educational program
Surveying
Uppsok
Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-06-20 Created: 2012-06-13 Last updated: 2012-06-20Bibliographically approved

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Vegetation och lutningars påverkan på osäkerheten hos laserdata för en ny nationell höjdmodell(4595 kB)305 downloads
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