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Differential thinking and the possibility of faith-knowledge: Tillich and Kierkegaard between negative and positive philosophy
University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Religous studies.
2012 (English)In: Bulletin of The North American Paul Tillich Society, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 2-15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article discusses both Tillich and Kierkegaard in the perspective of differential thinking. Differential thinking, initiated by Schelling, is not build on the binary opposition between sensing and thinking, but sensing belongs to thinking and vice versa. The development of subjectivity in Kierkegaard is expressed in that how the individual senses his or her existence (how-truth). The how-truths are differentiated from the what-truths of modern scientific knowledge. What-truths are objective representations; how-truths express the sensed. The paper discusses also the difference between negative and positive philosophy in religious knowledge. Both Tillich and Kierkegaard seem to follow Schelling in differentiating between the two. The negative philosophy, based on radical doubt, takes the possibility of objective knowledge of God away. The positive philosophy both in Tillich and in Kierkegaard opens up for the metaphorical and the symbolic. The metaphorical expresses the sensed; religious knowledge speaks the language of how-truths.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Santa Clara, California: NAPTS , 2012. Vol. 38, no 3, p. 2-15
Keywords [en]
Differential relation, life, knowledge, representation
National Category
Humanities Philosophy, Ethics and Religion Religious Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-12592OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-12592DiVA, id: diva2:544461
Available from: 2012-08-14 Created: 2012-08-14 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Ristiniemi, Jari

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf