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Volunteered geographic information and computational geography: New perspectives
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Urban and regional planning/GIS-institute.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2337-2486
2013 (English)In: Crowdsourcing Geographic Knowledge: Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) in Theory and Practice / [ed] Sui D. Elwood S. and Goodchild M, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, p. 125-138Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Volunteered geographic information (VGI), one of the most important types of user-generated web content, has been emerging as a new phenomenon. VGI is contributed by numerous volunteers and supported by web 2.0 technologies. This chapter discusses how VGI provides new perspectives for computational geography, a transformed geography based on the use of data-intensive computing and simulations to uncover the underlying mechanisms behind geographic forms and processes. We provide several examples of computational geography using OpenStreetMap data and GPS traces to investigate the scaling of geographic space and its implications for human mobility patterns. We illustrate that the field of geography is experiencing a dramatic change and that geoinformatics and computational geography deserve to be clearly distinguished, with the former being a study of engineering and the latter being a science.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013. p. 125-138
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-13041DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-4587-2_8Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84932625964ISBN: 978-94-007-4586-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-13041DiVA, id: diva2:555999
Available from: 2012-09-23 Created: 2012-09-23 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Jiang, Bin

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