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Äldre personers upplevelse av sin munhälsa -en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Att utifrån litteratur beskriva hur äldre personer upplevde sin munhälsa, samt att granska kvaliteten i de inkluderade studierna gällande den metodologiska aspekten datainsamlingsmetod.

Metod: Beskrivande litteraturstudie baserad på 16 artiklar sökta i databaserna PubMed,Cinahl samt via manuell sökning. Litteraturstudiens resultat redovisades i en huvudkategori och fem underkategorier. Artiklarna kvalitetsgranskades avseende datainsamlingsmetod. Flertalet artiklar var av kvantitativ karaktär.

Huvudresultat: Munhälsan och utseendet på tänderna var viktig för äldres livskvalitet. Gamla människor med smärtproblem upplevde låg munhälsorelaterad livskvalitet. Äldre personermed proteser eller ett lågt antal tuggtänder hade en sämre självskattad munhälsa. Negativ självuppfattning av munhälsa var förknippad med näringsunderskott hos äldre. Likaså observerades en sämre självskattad munhälsa hos patienter med depression, äldre med ett större hjälpbehov, äldre personer som drabbats av stroke samt patienter med Alzheimers sjukdom. Sämre socioekonomiska omständigheter associerades med en sämre självskattad munhälsa. Det fanns vissa könsskillnader i självskattad munhälsa.

Slutsats: Flera faktorer hade betydelse för den självupplevda munhälsan hos äldre personer.Kännedom om dessa faktorer är viktigt för att kunna förebygga en dålig munhälsa hos äldre personer. Fler kvalitativa studier inom området skulle kunna leda till en bättre förståelse av äldre personers upplevelse av sin munhälsa.

Abstract [en]

Aim: First, on the basis of literature describe how older people perceived their oral health, and second to review the quality of the studies regarding the methodological aspect data collection method.

Methods: Descriptive literature study based on 16 articles searched in PubMed, Cinahl and by manual search. Literature study results were presented in a main category and five subcategories.Articles were reviewed for quality regarding data collection method. Most of thearticles were of the quantitative approach. Strengths and weaknesses of each article datacollection method were reviewed.

Main Results: Oral health and appearance of their teeth was important to older people'squality of life. Old people with painful conditions experienced low oral health related quality of life. Older people with dentures or a low number of chewing teeth had poorer self-rated oral health. Negative self-perception of oral health was associated with nutritional deficits in the elderly. Similarly, there was a poorer self-rated oral health in patients with depression,older people with a greater need for help, older people who had suffered a stroke and patients with Alzheimer's disease. Worse socioeconomic factors were associated with a poorer selfrated oral health. There were some gender differences in self-rated oral health.

Conclusion: Several factors had an impact on the self-perceived oral health in older people. It is of importance to possess knowledge of these factors in order to prevent poor oral health inolder people. More qualitative studies in this area could lead to a better understanding of older people's perception of their oral health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , p. 20
Keyword [en]
Oral health, elderly, self perceived, quality of life
Keyword [sv]
Munhälsa, äldre, självskattad, livskvalitet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-13435Archive number: SSKVk10- 08OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-13435DiVA, id: diva2:571604
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-11-23 Created: 2012-11-23 Last updated: 2012-11-23Bibliographically approved

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Granås, ÅsaAl-Shakarchi, Zainab
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Citation style
  • apa
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