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Föräldrars kunskap om och attityder till vaccin mot humant papillomvirus: En beskrivande litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sedan januari 2010 ingår vaccin mot humant papillomvirus i det svenska barnvaccinationsprogrammet. Beslutet att vaccinera eller inte vaccinera sina barn kan vara svårt för föräldrar. Syfte: Var att beskriva föräldrars kunskap om och attityd till vaccin mot humant papillomvirus och hur det inverkar på deras beslut att vaccinera sina barn. Design: Mixed-methods research integrated design. Metod: Beskrivande litteraturstudie. En systematisk sökning gjordes i databaserna CINAHL och PubMed och 12 artiklar identifierades. Artiklarna hade kvantitativ och kvalitativ ansats. Resultat: Föräldrar var positiva till HPV-vaccin. Många föräldrar hade liten kunskap om vaccinet och upplevde att de inte hade tillräckligt med information. Det fanns en oro för vaccinets säkerhet och biverkningar. Många fick information från media men den föredragna informationskällan var vårdgivare. De som fått information från vården var mer positiva till vaccinet. Föräldrar ansåg att den rekommenderade åldern för vaccinet var för låg och det fanns en rädsla att en vaccination skulle påverka dotterns sexuella beteende. Bland de föräldrar som valde att vaccinera var den oron mindre. Sociala normer och religion påverkade föräldrarna i besluten kring vaccination. Lägre utbildning var en prediktor för att välja att vaccinera. Egen eller anhörigas erfarenhet av cellförändringar eller cervixcancer påverkade också intentionen att vaccinera.

 

Sökord: MeSH-termerna accept*, attitudes, behavior, beliefs, decision, HPV-vaccine, intent*, knowledge, parents.

Abstract [en]

Background: Since of January 2010 vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) is a part of the Swedish child vaccination program. The decision to vaccinate can be difficult for the parents to make. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe parental knowledge and attitude towards vaccine against human papillomavirus and how that influenced their decision to vaccinate their children. Design: Mixed methods research with integrated design. Method: A descriptive literature review. A systematic search was performed in the databases PubMed and CINAHL and 12 studies were identified. The studies had quantitative and qualitative design. Results: Parents were positive towards the HPV-vaccine. Many parents lacked knowledge and felt they didn´t have enough information about the vaccine. There was concern about the safety and side effect. Many got their information from media but the preferred source of information was caregivers. Parents who had gotten information from caregivers were more positive towards the vaccine. The recommended age for vaccination was considered too low and there was concern that a vaccination would have an effect on their daughter’s sexual behavior. Among the parents who had made the choice to vaccinate that concern was lower. Social norms and religion affected the parents in their decision to vaccinate. Lower education was a predictor in the decision to vaccinate. Experience of abnormal pap-smears or cervicularcancer also affected the intention to vaccinate.

 

Search words: MeSH-therms accept*, attitudes, behavior, beliefs, decision, HPV-vaccine, intent*, knowledge, parents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , p. 47
Keywords [en]
attitudes, behavior, beliefs, decision, HPV-vaccine, intent*, knowledge, parents.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-13524Archive number: SPECDSK/2012/nr74OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-13524DiVA, id: diva2:576411
Subject / course
Caring science
Educational program
Specialist nursing – master’s programme (one year)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-12-21 Created: 2012-12-12 Last updated: 2012-12-21Bibliographically approved

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