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Low-temperature isolation of disease-suppressive bacteria and characterization of a distinctive group of pseudomonads
SLU, Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, Uppsala.
Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden .
2003 (English)In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, ISSN 0099-2240, E-ISSN 1098-5336, Vol. 69, no 11, p. 6464-6474Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The influence of environmental factors during isolation on the composition of potential biocontrol isolates is largely unknown. Bacterial isolates that efficiently suppressed wheat seedling blight caused by Fusarium culmortun were found by isolating psychrotrophic, root-associated bacteria and by screening them in a bioassay that mimicked field conditions. The impact of individual isolation factors on the disease-suppressive index (DSI) of almost 600 isolates was analyzed. The bacteria originated from 135 samples from 62 sites in Sweden and Switzerland. The isolation factors that increased the probability of finding isolates with high DSIs were sampling from arable land, Swiss origin of samples, and origination of isolates from plants belonging to the family Brassicaceae. The colony morphology of the isolates was characterized and compared to DSIs, which led to identification of a uniform morphological group containing 57 highly disease-suppressive isolates. Isolates in this group were identified as Pseudomonas sp.; they were fluorescent on King’s medium B and had characteristic crystalline structures in their colonies. These isolates were morphologically similar to seven strains that had previously been selected for suppression of barley net blotch caused by Drechslera teres. Members of this morphological group grow at 1.5degreesC and produce an antifungal polyketide (2,3-deepoxy-2,3-didehydrorhizoxin [DDR]). They have similar two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis protein profiles, phenotypic characteristics, and in vitro inhibition spectra of pathogens. In summary, in this paper we describe some isolation factors that are important for obtaining disease-suppressive bacteria in our system, and we describe a novel group of biocontrol pseudomonads.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 69, no 11, p. 6464-6474
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14083DOI: 10.1128/AEM.69.11.6464-6474.2003ISI: 000186427800017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-14083DiVA, id: diva2:615314
Available from: 2013-04-09 Created: 2013-04-09 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Wright, Sandra A. I.

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CiteExportLink to record
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