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Ethnicity and Cardiovascular Disease in theMiddle East
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Is prevalence of main risk factors for CVD, treatment and survival different across different ethnic groups regarding morbidity and mortality? (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to compare between ethnicities if there is a difference in survival and treatment when it comes to cardiovascular diseases in the Middle East. To find out if there is a difference 28 articles was selected for inclusion, both qualitative and quantitative studies. Searches were made in the databases Medline, PubMed, Google and Google Scholar.The results showed that it is possible that there are differences in mortality and morbidity between ethnicities affected by cardiovascular disease. These may be due to differences in abdominal obesity, insulin resistance in diabetes and other risks such as C-reactive protein in the blood plasma which is normally excreted in inflammation in the body and also adiponectin, which is a hormone found in fat tissue whose secretion is diminished in people who have diabetes. But studies saying that a difference does exist are too few and the need for more and larger studies is needed. It may also be that not all ethnicities are as benefited from current treatments available against cardiovascular diseases for example beta-blockers. The conclusion of this study is that more research in this area is needed as well as more comprehensive studies regarding public health in the Middle East.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att jämföra mellan etniska grupper om det finns en skillnad i överlevnad och behandling när det gäller hjärt-och kärlsjukdomar i Mellanöstern. För att ta reda på det har 28 artiklar valts ut efter inklusionskriterierna, både kvalitativa och kvantitativa studier. Sökningar gjordes i databaserna Medline, Pubmed, Google and Google Scholar.Resultatet visade på att det sannolikt finns skillnader i dödlighet samt sjuklighet mellan etniciteter som drabbats av hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar. Dessa kan bero på skillnader i abdominal fetma, insulin resistens vid diabetes och andra risker så som C-reaktivt protein som finns i blodplasman och i vanliga fall utsöndras vid inflammationer i kroppen och adiponectin som är ett hormon som finns i fettvävnaden vars utsöndring är sämre hos personer som har diabetes. Dock är studierna som visar på skillnader alldeles för få, det behövs fler och större undersökningar inom detta område. Denna litteratur översikt visar också att det även kan vara så att inte alla etniciteter gynnas av dagens behandlingar som finns mot hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar som t ex Betablockerare. Slutsatsen i denna studie är att mer forskning inom ämnet behövs samt fler övergripande studier gällande folkhälsan i Mellanöstern.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
CVD, Middle East, East Mediterranean, Ethnicity, Mortality, Morbidity, Treatment
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14691Archive number: SGHPK-V14-22OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-14691DiVA: diva2:631910
Subject / course
Public health science
Educational program
Health education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-08-26 Created: 2013-06-24 Last updated: 2014-08-26Bibliographically approved

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Ethnicity and Cardiovascular Disease in the Middle East(420 kB)934 downloads
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5b9969958e35895fadfe9642e4dd231bc8f604109e62eb2dd9496d302c0b2878d784e9fc2fb9af08796a0ba48b2ed8a9e72d10537989bc5acf4bcd1c3b787bc1
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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