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The production of present and absent presences in education
University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences. (STORIES)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1871-4488
University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences. (STORIES)
2013 (English)In: Journal of Pedagogy, ISSN 1338-1563, E-ISSN 1338-2144, Vol. 4, no 2, 139-161 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Drawing on the distinction between absent and present presences, this article contributes to our understanding of how new managerial and performative discourses are played out in a secondary school context in Sweden. The consequences of numerous educational reforms during the last 20 years include a surge of new independent schools and increased segregation between students due to individual school choice. Following international trends, a yearly national municipal school ranking is published, drawing much attention both in the media and on the policy level, intensifying pressure for results at the municipal level. A case study was conducted in one bottom-ranked Swedish secondary school over the 2012-13 school year, focusing on how relationships between students and staff were negotiated in informal spaces and places. The results illustrate how absent presences and present presences are produced in the practice of schooling. The present presences were publication of results, raising merit scores and grading pressure, and the absent presences were the role of the media in the self-image of schools, increased workload for teachers, the misuse of statistical data and demoralization and determination. The results contribute to the understanding of a) the challenges that teachers and schools are faced with as a consequence of the new managerial and performative discourses in educational settings, and b) the means they draw on to face and resist them in their everyday practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 4, no 2, 139-161 p.
Keyword [en]
Absent presence, Managerialism, Performative, Policy enactment, Present presence
National Category
Didactics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15119DOI: 10.2478/jped-2013-0008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84965180989OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-15119DiVA: diva2:645405
Projects
Att förebygga hot och våld i skolan genom hållbara relationer — en studie av lärares relationsarbete i skolans mellanrum
Funder
AFA Insurance, 110145
Available from: 2013-09-04 Created: 2013-09-04 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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