hig.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Anxiety, depressive and somatic symptoms in adults with congenital heart disease
Department of Public Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
Department of Psychology, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. Department of Public Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
Department of Nursing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Show others and affiliations
2013 (English)In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, ISSN 0022-3999, E-ISSN 1879-1360, Vol. 74, no 1, 49-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective

Despite the improvement in life-expectancy of adults with congenital heart disease, they may experience unique medical and social challenges that could impact on their psychological functioning. The aims of this study were to address the experience of anxiety, depressive and somatic symptoms among adults with congenital heart disease in comparison with that of non-heart diseased persons considering the role of various factors (e.g. socio-economic).

Methods

In cross-sectional case–control study, the participants consisted of 347 patients with congenital heart disease (18–64 years, 52.2% female) and 353 matched (by sex/age) non-heart diseased persons. The participants completed a questionnaire. The data were analyzed with bivariate and multivariate methods.

Results

In bivariate analyses, scores in anxiety and somatic symptoms were higher among patients than the healthy controls (both at p ≤ 0.001), whereas the groups did not differ in depressive symptoms. Following multiple-linear-regression-analyses, only the association between congenital heart disease and somatic symptoms was confirmed. Among the patients, perceived financial strain was significantly related to anxiety, depressive and somatic symptoms; lower perceived social support to anxiety and depression; and low annual income to somatic symptoms. Additionally, somatic symptoms were associated with anxiety and depressive symptoms, and vice versa. And no medical variables were related to anxiety, depressive and somatic symptoms.

Conclusions

Congenital heart disease was only independently associated with somatic symptoms. Financial strain, social support and co-existence of emotional distress with somatic symptoms should be considered in developing appropriate interventions to improve the well-being of patients with congenital heart disease. However, longitudinal research is warranted to clarify causality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 74, no 1, 49-56 p.
Keyword [en]
Congenital heart disease; Grown-up; Mental health; Psychosomatic; Social functioning
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16041DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2012.10.006ISI: 000313390100010Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84871686549OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-16041DiVA: diva2:688758
Available from: 2013-01-18 Created: 2014-01-17 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Eslami, BaharehSundin, ÖrjanMacassa, GloriaSoares, Joaquim JF
By organisation
Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences
In the same journal
Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 700 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf