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Abuse and neglect of older persons in seven cities in seven countries in Europe: a cross-sectional community study
Protestant University of Applied Sciences Ludwigsburg, Ludwigsburg, Germany, and Department of Psychology and Sociology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
Department of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain .
University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal .
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2013 (English)In: International Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1661-8556, Vol. 58, no 1, 121-132 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: We aimed to investigate the prevalence rate of abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial, neglect) of older persons (AO) in seven cities from seven countries in Europe (Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain, Sweden), and to assess factors potentially associated with AO.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2009 (n = 4,467, aged 60–84).  potentially associated factors were grouped into domains (domain 1: age, gender, migration history; domain 2: education, occupation; domain 3: marital status, living situation; domain 4: habitation, income, financial strain). We calculated odds ratios (OR) with their respective 95 % confidence intervals (CI).

Results: Psychological AO was the most common form of AO, ranging from 10.4 % (95 % CI 8.1–13.0) in Italy to 29.7 % (95 % CI 26.2–33.5) in Sweden. Second most common form was financial AO, ranging from 1.8 % (95 % CI 0.9–3.2) in Sweden to 7.8 % (95 % CI 5.8–10.1) in Portugal. Less common was physical AO, ranging from 1.0 % (95 % CI 0.4–2.1) in Italy to 4.0 % (95 % CI 2.6–5.8 %) in Sweden. Sexual AO was least common, ranging from 0.3 (95 % CI 0.0–1.1) in Italy and Spain to 1.5 % (95 % CI 0.7–2.8) in Greece. Being from Germany (AOR 3.25, 95 % CI 2.34–4.51), Sweden (OR 3.16, 95 % CI 2.28–4.39) or Lithuania (AOR 2.45, 95 % CI 1.75–3.43) was associated with increased prevalence rates of AO.

Conclusion: Country of residence of older people is independent from the four assessed domains associated

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 58, no 1, 121-132 p.
Keyword [en]
Abuse, Older individuals, Context, Life course
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16092DOI: 10.1007/s00038-012-0388-3ISI: 000314183600013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-16092DiVA: diva2:689207
Available from: 2014-01-20 Created: 2014-01-20 Last updated: 2014-02-03Bibliographically approved

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