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Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser av arbetsrelaterad stress samt stressens konsekvenser: En kvalitativ intervjustudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att beskriva nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser av arbetsrelaterad stress samt att beskriva deras upplevelser av vad stress kan leda till för konsekvenser. En deskriptiv intervjustudie med kvalitativ ansats genomfördes. Datainsamlingen utfördes genom åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer. Det insamlade materialet analyserades med kvalitativ manifest innehållsanalys. Huvudresultatet påvisade att nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor har upplevt stress under sin första tid i yrket, bland annat till följd av att det är en tid av osäkerhet. Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor har beskrivit att upplevelsen av stress har minskat med tilltagna kunskaper och erfarenheter samt minskade krav på sig själv i yrkesrollen. Sjuksköterskeyrket har beskrivits vara stressigt på grund av en mängd olika orsaker men det finns åtgärder som kan vidtas för att minska stressen. Stressen har beskrivits kunna leda till konsekvenser både för sjuksköterskan som individ och för omvårdnaden av patienterna, vilket har beskrivits kunna resultera i känslor som frustration och otillräcklighet. I linje med Benners teori kan konstateras att nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor genomgår en yrkesutveckling vilken leder till en upplevelse av minskad stress. Stress inom sjuksköterskeyrket är ett komplext problem som måste angripas från flera håll. För den nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskan är det av stor vikt att vara snäll mot sig själv i yrkesrollen genom att inte ha för höga krav på sig själv, detta för att kunna utöva sin yrkesroll som innebär att bedriva optimal patientfokuserad omvårdnad.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to describe newly graduated nurses' experiences of work-related stress and to describe their experiences of what consequences stress can lead to. A descriptive interview study with qualitative approach was used. Data collection was performed by eight semi-structured interviews. The collected data was analyzed using qualitative manifest content analysis. The main result demonstrates that newly graduated nurses experienced stress in the beginning of their profession, partly because it is a time of uncertainty. Newly graduated nurses have described a decreased experience of stress with increased knowledge and experience, and reduced demands on herself in the professional role. Nursing is described to be stressful due to a variety of causes but there are measures that can be used to reduce stress. Stress has been described to cause consequences both for the nurse as an individual and for the care of patients, which has been described to result in feelings such as frustration and inadequacy. In line with Benner's theory it can be stated that newly graduated nurses undergo a professional development which lead to a experience of decreased stress. Stress in the nursing profession is a complex problem that must be dealt with on several fronts. For the newly graduated nurse it is very important that she is gentle with herself in the professional role by not having too high demands on herself to be able to practice her profession, that is carry out optimal patient-focused nursing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Newly graduated nurses, experiences, work-related stress, consequences
Keyword [sv]
Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor, upplevelser, arbetsrelaterad stress, konsekvenser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16622Archive number: SSKVk14- 22OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-16622DiVA: diva2:716054
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-05-08 Created: 2014-05-07 Last updated: 2014-05-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Examensarbete(479 kB)400 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 479 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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