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Skolpersonalens förutsättningar att stödja barn med diabetes: En enkätstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att beskriva vilka kunskaper och förutsättningar skolpersonal har för att stödja barn med diabetes som går på låg- och mellanstadiet, samt att göra jämförelser mellan stora och små skolor. Studien genomfördes med en kvantitativ ansats och en beskrivande och jämförande design. Skolpersonal från en kommun i Mellansverige svarade på enkäter mellan januari och mars 2014, sammanlagt kom det in 61 svar av 73. Resultatet visade att 48 % av skolpersonalen hade utbildning i sjukdomen diabetes. De saknade grundläggande kunskaper om diabetes typ 1, agerande vid medvetslöshet samt såg skillnad kliniskt på högt och lågt blodsocker. Alla deltagarna utom två ansåg inte att det fanns restriktioner med att inta mellanmål, 80 % ansåg att barnen kunde sköta sin diabetes, 72 % uppgav att de ger barnen stöd när de injicerar insulin och 89 % uppgav att barnen fick mäta blodsocker under skoltid. Tjugosex procent uppgav att någon på skolan kunde ge glukagon. Informationen från föräldrarna till skolan ansåg 68 % vara tillräcklig, 60 % ansåg att barnen hade med sig tillräcklig diabetesutrustning till skolan, 23 % svarade att skriftliga handlingsplaner fanns vid hypoglykemi och 3 % att det fanns skriftlig diabetespolicy på skolan. Största problemet ansåg personalen vara att det inte fanns någon skolsköterska på skolan varje dag. Slutsatsen var att knappt hälften av skolpersonalen hade utbildning i diabetes. Det fanns signifikant fler individuella handlingsplaner angående hypoglykemi vid stora skolor. Skolpersonalen gav i stor utsträckning hjälp vid insulininjicering och blodsockerkontroller och det fanns inte restriktioner att inta mellanmål.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe the competence and conditions school staff have to support children with diabetes who are on low and middle school, and to make comparisons between large and small schools. The study was carried out with a quantitative approach and a descriptive and comparative design. School staff from a municipality in central Sweden responded to questionnaires between January and March 2014, in total 61 responded of 73. The results showed that 48% of school staff had knowledge in the disease diabetes type 1. They lacked basic knowledge about the disease, how to act in cases of unconsciousness and to distinguish clinically a high and low blood sugar. All participants except two did not answered that there were restrictions to take snacks, 80 % experienced that the kids were able to take care of their diabetes, 72% that they give children support when they injected insulin and 89 % answered that the kids were able to measure blood sugar during school hours. Twenty-six percent reported that someone at school could give glucagon. The information from the parents was perceived as suffucient 68 % of the participants, 60 % answered that the children had adequate diabetes equipment at schooltime, 23 % answered that guidelines were available in case of hypoglycemia and 3% that there was a written policy about diabetes on school. The biggest problem considered staff to be that there was no school nurse at the school every day. The conclusion was that just under half of school staff had training in diabetes. There was significantly more individual hypoglycemia action plans at large schools. The participants gave to a large extend support to children who needed insulin injection and blood sugar checks and no restrictions occurred regarding possibilities for snack intake.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
diabetes type 1, teacher, school, school nurse, support
Keyword [sv]
diabetes typ1, lärare, skola, skolsköterska, stöd
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16972Archive number: SpecDiskVk14- 02OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-16972DiVA: diva2:726103
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Specialist nursing – master’s programme (one year)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-24 Created: 2014-06-16 Last updated: 2014-06-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf