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Upplevelse av den egna matsituationen hos äldre som har matdistribution i ordinärt boende
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att beskriva hur äldre personer som bor i ordinärt boende och har matsdistribution genom kommunen upplever sin matsituation. Studien har genomförts genom ostrukturerade intervjuer med åtta personer som var över 75 år som bodde i hemmet och hade matdistribution genom kommunen. Data bearbetades genom kvalitativ manifest innehållsanalys. Resultatet redovisas i fem olika kategorier som handlar om matens beskaffenhet och innehåll, interna och externa förutsättningar, anpassning, behov och strategier och beroende av andra personer. De äldre personerna upplevde att de saknade socialt sällskap vid måltider. De upplevde att matdistributionen var ett bra sätt att få i sig mat när man inte klarade det själv. Det största missnöjet med matlådan var att potatisen inte upplevdes smaka bra. Upplevelsen att inte känna hunger var särskilt märkbar bland de som upplevde att hälsan var försämrad, var nedstämd, hade få sociala relationer, hade fysiska begränsningar och var i behov av mycket hjälp från hemtjänsten. Hemtjänsten beskrevs vara en viktig social kontakt, men alla informanter upplevde att personalen var stressade. Studiens slutsats visar att informanter önskar aktivare personal som stöd vid måltider och att matlådans portion bör minskas. Den minskade portionen ska innehålla näringstät kost för de som är i behov av det. Matlådorna och potatisen bör göras mer aptitlig för att äldre ska få ökad aptit.

Nyckelord: äldre människor, undernäring, matdistribution, ordinärt boende.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to describe how older people living in ordinary housing and had food distribution by the municipality was experiencing its meal situation. The study has been carried out through unstructured interviews with eight people who were over 75 years who living in their own homes and had food distribution by the municipality. Data were analysed using qualitative manifest content analysis and five categories revealed: about food's nature and content , internal and external conditions , adaptation, needs and strategies and being dependent on other people. The informant felt that they missed having social companionship at mealtimes. They felt that the food distribution was a good way to ingest food when you were unable to do it youself . The biggest gripe with the mealbox was that the potatoes were perceived not tasting good. The informant also described not feeling hungry this was particularly noticeable among those who felt that their health was deteriorating , was miserable, had few social relationships, had physical limitations and was in need of much help from home care services . Home service was described as an important social contact, but all informants felt that the staff was stressed. The study's conclusion indicates that informants wish more active staff support at mealtimes and that lunchbox portion should be reduced. The reduced portion should contain nourished diet for those who are in need of it. Lunch boxes and the potatoes should be made more appetizing to older should get increased appetite

Keywords: older people , malnutrition, food distribution, ordinary housing .

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , p. 36
Keyword [en]
older people, malnutrition, food distribution, ordinary housing
Keyword [sv]
äldre människor, undernäring, matdistribution, ordinärt boende
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17189Archive number: SpeVårdVk14- 03OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-17189DiVA, id: diva2:730685
Subject / course
Caring science
Educational program
Specialist nursing – master’s programme (one year)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-30 Created: 2014-06-29 Last updated: 2014-06-30Bibliographically approved

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Department of Health and Caring Sciences
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf