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Patienters upplevelser och erfarenheter av fysisk aktivitet i grupp efter hjärtinfarkt
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att beskriva patienters upplevelser och erfarenheter av fysisk aktivitet i grupp efter hjärtinfarkt. Studien genomfördes som en kvalitativ intervjustudie och hade en beskrivande design. Genom ett ändamålsurval intervjuades tio patienter som deltog i hjärtgymnastikgrupp på ett sjukhus i Mellansverige. Data samlades in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer. Insamlad data analyserades med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet redovisas utifrån två teman; välbefinnande genom en känsla av trygghet och kontroll samt ökad motivation till en aktiv livsstil. Patienterna beskrev att fysisk aktivitet i grupp varit en trygghet efter hjärtinfarkten. Att få testa gränser under säkra förhållanden, ha ett utbyte mellan individer, känna samhörighet i gruppen och uppleva psykisk och fysisk hälsa. Vidare upplevde patienterna det viktigt att ha en meningsfull aktivitet, att de kände ett behov av att komma på träningarna och att den organiserade träningen var varierad och gav en chans till att prova nya saker. Att uppmuntra och förmå patienter som haft hjärtinfarkt att delta i fysisk aktivitet i grupp bör därför vara av stor vikt för både sjukvårdspersonal och patienterna själva.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to describe patients' experiences and perceptions of physical activity in a group after myocardial infarction. The study was conducted as a qualitative interview and had a descriptive design. By a purposive sampling ten patients were interviewed who participated in cardiac exercise team at a hospital in central Sweden. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews. The collected data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The results are reported based on two themes; well-being through a sense of security and control, and increased motivation for an active lifestyle. Patients described that physical activity in the group has been a security after the myocardial infarction. To be able to test the limits in safe conditions, have an exchange between individuals, a sense of belonging in the group and experience the mental and physical health. Furthermore, patients experienced important to have a meaningful activity, that they felt a need to come to the training sessions and the organized training was varied and gave a chance to try new things. To encourage and persuade patients who had a myocardial infarction to participate in physical activity in a group should be of great importance to both healthcare professionals and patients themselves.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
patient, myocardial infarction, physical activity, rehabilitation, group, experience
Keyword [sv]
Patient, hjärtinfarkt, fysisk aktivitet, rehabilitering, grupp, upplevelse
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17453Archive number: SPECDIST-VK14-05OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-17453DiVA: diva2:743055
Subject / course
Caring science
Educational program
Specialist nursing – master’s programme (one year)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-10-09 Created: 2014-09-03 Last updated: 2014-10-09Bibliographically approved

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 558 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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