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En diskursanalys av hemlöshetens politik
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Detta examensarbete är gjort med syfte att identifiera diskurser i medias framställning av hemlösheten och de hemlösa samt att se om dessa diskurser har någon ideologisk grund. Tidigare forskning har visat på två huvudgrupper av diskurser där individens ansvar respektive samhällets ansvar ställs mot varandra. För detta genomfördes en diskursiv analys av debattartiklar och politiska uttalanden som publicerats i Aftonbladet och Dagens Nyheter. Vi valde att fokusera på dessa två tidningar då de är två av de tidningar som ges ut i störst upplaga i Sverige.  Tre övergripande diskurser kunde skönjas; samhällsperspektivet, individperspektivet samt individ- och samhällsperspektiv. I vårt resultat visade det sig att individperspektivet var den mest utbredda diskursen. Vi kunde inte finna att diskursen hade någon koppling till ideologi utan istället kunde kopplas till regerings- eller oppositionsställning. Yttranden från personer tillhörande partier i regeringsposition tenderade att ha ett individperspektiv på hemlösa och hemlöshet. De i opposition efterfrågade större insatser utifrån ett samhällsperspektiv.

Abstract [en]

This thesis has been made with the purpose of identifying discourses in the way media choose to portray the situation of the homeless as well as the homeless themselves. The aim is also to investigate whether these discourses have an ideological foundation. Previous research distinguishes two main discourses where the responsibility of the individual and the responsibility of the society are portrayed as being in opposition to each other. Our method has been to perform a discourse analysis of political statements and debate articles which have been published in Aftonbladet and Dagens Nyheter. We chose to focus on these two newspapers since they are two of the Swedish newspapers which sell the most copies. Three general discourses were visible; the perspective of the society, the perspective of the individual, and the third, combined perspective of the society and the individual. Our results showed that the perspective of the individual was the most wide-spread discourse. We did not find ground for any connection to ideology. Instead we found that it could be connected to the ruling government or to the opposing parties. Opinions from people belonging to a ruling political party tended to have the perspective of the individual in mind, whereas the opposing parties demanded greater efforts from society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
Homeless, media, discourse analysis, social construction
Keyword [sv]
hemlös, media, diskursanalys, social konstruktion
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17761Archive number: SGSOK-2014-27OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-17761DiVA: diva2:759929
Subject / course
Social work
Educational program
Social work
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-11-19 Created: 2014-11-01 Last updated: 2014-11-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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