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Policy Instruments towards a Sustainable Waste Management
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Built Environment, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, Stockholm, Sweden .
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Built Environment, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, Stockholm, Sweden .
Profu AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2013 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 5, no 3, 841-881 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to suggest and discuss policy instruments that could lead towards a more sustainable waste management. The paper is based on evaluations from a large scale multi-disciplinary Swedish research program. The evaluations focus on environmental and economic impacts as well as social acceptance. The focus is on the Swedish waste management system but the results should be relevant also for other countries. Through the assessments and lessons learned during the research program we conclude that several policy instruments can be effective and possible to implement. Particularly, we put forward the following policy instruments: "Information"; "Compulsory recycling of recyclable materials"; "Weight-based waste fee in combination with information and developed recycling systems"; "Mandatory labeling of products containing hazardous chemicals", "Advertisements on request only and other waste minimization measures"; and "Differentiated VAT and subsidies for some services". Compulsory recycling of recyclable materials is the policy instrument that has the largest potential for decreasing the environmental impacts with the configurations studied here. The effects of the other policy instruments studied may be more limited and they typically need to be implemented in combination in order to have more significant impacts. Furthermore, policy makers need to take into account market and international aspects when implementing new instruments. In the more long term perspective, the above set of policy instruments may also need to be complemented with more transformational policy instruments that can significantly decrease the generation of waste.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 5, no 3, 841-881 p.
Keyword [en]
policy instruments, landfilling, incineration, recycling, waste minimization
National Category
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17824DOI: 10.3390/su5030841ISI: 000324047700002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84878796235OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-17824DiVA: diva2:761836
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Available from: 2014-11-09 Created: 2014-11-09 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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