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The effect of using different distractor sets in visual search with spiders and snakes on spider-sensitive and nonfearful participants
Department of Psychology, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden .
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
Department of Psychology, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden .
2013 (English)In: Swiss Journal of Psychology, ISSN 1421-0185, E-ISSN 1662-0879, Vol. 72, no 4, 171-179 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In two visual search experiments, we investigated the impact of distractor sets on fear-relevant stimuli by comparing a search set with spiders, snakes, flowers, and mushrooms to one with spiders, snakes, rabbits, and turtles. We found speeded responses to spider and snake targets when flowers and mushrooms, but not when rabbits and turtles served as distractors. In Experiment 2, we compared spider-sensitive to nonfearful participants. Spider-sensitive participants responded faster than nonfearful participants to spider targets when we used flowers and mushrooms as distractors, but not when we used rabbit and turtle distractors. These results indicate that behavioral responses to the visual search task not only depend on the individual’s relationship to the stimuli included in the search set, but also on the context in which the feared or fear-relevant objects are presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bern: Verlag Hans Huber, 2013. Vol. 72, no 4, 171-179 p.
Keyword [en]
distractor dependency, fear relevance, spider-sensitive participants, visual search, spiders, snakes, Arachnida, Distraction, Fear
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17730DOI: 10.1024/1421-0185/a000111ISI: 000324375400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84885063782OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-17730DiVA: diva2:761843
Available from: 2014-11-09 Created: 2014-10-24 Last updated: 2014-11-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf