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Inequalities and Suicide Ideation during Recession Times
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences. Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
Avdelningen för statistik, Stockholms universitet, Department of statistics, Stockholm University.
Samhällsmedicin, Landstinget Gävleborg, Community Medicine,Gävleborg County Council .
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0295-898X
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2014 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 24, no Suppl. 2, 361- p.Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Suicide behaviour is a serious public health problem as it imposes economic and human costs to individuals, families and communities. Available evidence from some European countries indicates a significant rise in suicides related to economic recession. However, the debate continues regarding the role of unemployment in the reported suicide rates. In Sweden, very few studies have investigated the relationship between suicide behaviours and employment status in the context of the recent economic crisis although unemployment increased nationally and across different counties.

The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between employment status and suicide ideation in Gävleborg, Sweden.

Methods

The study used data from a cross-sectional survey, Health in Equal terms, carried out in Gävleborg County in Sweden, 2010. A total of 4245 individuals, aged 16–65 years were included in the analysis. The relationship between employment status and suicide ideation was assessed using descriptive and logistic regression analyses.

Results

People who were not working had odds of suicide ideation of 4.21 (95% Cl 3.14–5.64) as compared to those employed. Controlling for other covariates reduced the risk to 1.73 (95% CI 1.16-2.57) but remained statistically significant. In addition variables like anxiety, self-reported stress and young age were also associated with suicide ideation. However among the covariates, people who reported anxiety had the highest odds of suicide ideation.

Conclusions

This study found a statistically significant association between being out of work and suicide ideation. The association was largely explained by self-reported stress, anxiety, socioeconomic and demographic variables.

Policy-makers within the County need to pay attention to the health status of those out of work, especially during times of combined economic and labour market fluctuations.

Key messages

  • Suicide ideation was more common among people out of labor force in Gävleborg County, Sweden.

  • Further studies are needed to investigate suicide ideation among unemployed persons during times of economic and labor market insecurity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 24, no Suppl. 2, 361- p.
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17925DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/cku166.155OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-17925DiVA: diva2:762139
Conference
The 7th European Public Health Conference (EUPHA), Glasgow November 19-22 2014
Available from: 2014-11-10 Created: 2014-11-10 Last updated: 2017-02-22Bibliographically approved

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Hiswåls, Anne-SofieÖberg, PeterMacassa, Gloria
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