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Fear of Wolves and Bears: Physiological Responses and Negative Associations in a Swedish Sample
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
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2013 (English)In: Human Dimensions of Wildlife, ISSN 1087-1209, E-ISSN 1533-158X, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 416-434Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Human fear is important in wildlife management, but self-reported fear provides only partial information about fear reactions. Thus, eye movements, skin conductance, and changes in heart rate were assessed during picture viewing, visual search, and implicit evaluation tasks. Pictures of bears, wolves, moose, and hares were presented to participants who self-reported as fearful of bears (n = 8), fearful of bears and wolves (n = 15), or not fearful of bears or wolves (n = 14). The feared animal was expected to elicit strong physiological responses, be dwelled upon, and be associated with negative words. Independent of fearfulness, bear pictures elicited the strongest physiological responses, and wolf pictures showed the strongest negative associations. The bear-fearful group showed stronger physiological responses to bears. The bear- and wolf-fearful group showed more difficulty in associating bears with good words. Presence of a feared animal in the search task, resulted in prolonged response time. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 18, no 6, p. 416-434
Keywords [en]
bear, fear, heart rate, implicit association test, reaction times, skin conductance, visual search, wolf
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17939DOI: 10.1080/10871209.2013.810314Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84887170346OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-17939DiVA, id: diva2:762263
Available from: 2014-11-11 Created: 2014-11-11 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Flykt, Anders

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
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Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf