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Predictability and distraction: does the neural model represent postcategorical features?
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental psychology. School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK. (Miljöpsykologi)
Department of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany.
Department of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany.
Department of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany.
2014 (English)In: PsyCh Journal, ISSN 2046-0260, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 58-71Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two experiments examined the role of predictability within the elements of a task-irrelevant auditory sequence on the disruption produced to visual-verbal serial recall. Experiment 1 showed that participants did not benefit from having a long-term representation of the irrelevant sequence: A highly predictable, canonical sequence (“1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9”) produced as much disruption as a repeated random sequence (which was the same on each trial) and an unpredictable, random sequence (which differed on each trial), as compared with quiet. In line with this finding, there was also no difference between a predictable canonical and an unpredictable random sequence in Experiment 2. However, a deviant within the predictable, canonical sequence (“1 2 3 4 5 5 7 8 9”) produced greater disruption than a deviant within an unpredictable, random sequence (“4 8 2 9 5 5 7 3 1”). This effect was confined to early trials within the block. The results showed that long-term knowledge about the order of the individual elements in the sequence did not help attenuate the effect of auditory distraction on serial recall. Nevertheless, attentional capture was amplified when a deviant violated a well-known, canonical sequence, providing evidence that the neural model represents postcategorical sequential information.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 3, no 1, p. 58-71
Keywords [en]
attentional capture, irrelevant sound effect, neural model, predictability, serial recall
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-18171DOI: 10.1002/pchj.50PubMedID: 26271639Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84930041323OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-18171DiVA, id: diva2:765681
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Auditory DistractionAvailable from: 2014-11-24 Created: 2014-11-24 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Marsh, John

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