Technologies for utilization of industrial excess heat: Potentials for energy recovery and CO2 emission reduction
2014 (English)In: Energy Conversion and Management, ISSN 0196-8904, E-ISSN 1879-2227, Vol. 77, 369-379 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Industrial excess heat is a large untapped resource, for which there is potential for external use, which would create benefits for industry and society. Use of excess heat can provide a way to reduce the use of primary energy and to contribute to global CO2 mitigation. The aim of this paper is to present different measures for the recovery and utilization of industrial excess heat and to investigate how the development of the future energy market can affect which heat utilization measure would contribute the most to global CO2 emissions mitigation. Excess heat recovery is put into a context by applying some of the excess heat recovery measures to the untapped excess heat potential in Gavleborg County in Sweden. Two different cases for excess heat recovery are studied: heat delivery to a district heating system and heat-driven electricity generation. To investigate the impact of excess heat recovery on global CO2 emissions, six consistent future energy market scenarios were used. Approximately 0.8 TWh/year of industrial excess heat in Gavleborg County is not used today. The results show that with the proposed recovery measures approximately 91 GWh/year of district heating, or 25 GWh/year of electricity, could be supplied from this heat. Electricity generation would result in reduced global CO2 emissions in all of the analyzed scenarios, while heat delivery to a DH system based on combined heat and power production from biomass would result in increased global CO2 emissions when the CO2 emission charge is low.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 77, 369-379 p.
Industrial excess heat, Heat recovery, Electricity generation, District heating, CO2 emission, Energy market scenarios
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-18394DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2013.09.052ISI: 000330494600041ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84887006516OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-18394DiVA: diva2:770172