Downlink Throughput Driven Channel Access Framework for Cognitive LTE Femto-Cells
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
This paper proposes an optimized sensing based channel access framework for the LTE cognitive femto cells with an objective of maximizing femto-cells downlink throughput. Energy detection is used by the LTE cognitive femto cells to locate and thereafter utilize the free channels. Moreover, periodic sensing is adopted to detect any changes of the sensing outcomes. The developed channel access framework is based on an objective of maximization the femto-cell downlink throughput which varies with the macro-cell channel occupancy. Therefore, the LTE macro-cell occupancy statistics are empirically modelled using exponential distributions mixture. The LTE cognitive femto-cell downlink throughput is maximized by compromising the transmission efficiency, the explored spectrum opportunities and the interference from the macro-cell. An analytical solution for the optimal periodic sensing interval that maximizes the throughput is found and verified by simulations. The obtained results show that there is indeed a single periodic sensing interval value that maximizes the LTE cognitive femto-cell downlink throughput which changes with the change of the macro-cell channel occupancy. Yet, at a specific channel occupancy statistical parameters, our framework provides the optimal throughput. At the peak of the macro-cell traffic, our framework increased the femto-cell throughput by $\simeq 15\%$ compared to the senseless case. The impact of the available channels for opportunistic access is studied. The simulation results show that increasing the number of the available channels becomes less significant for more than three channels.
Two tier LTE network, Cognitive femto-cell, Channel occupancy, Downlink throughput, Periodic sensing, Energy detection.
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19030OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-19030DiVA: diva2:789575