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Dynamic cognitive control of irrelevant sound: increased task engagement attenuates semantic auditory distraction
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering. University of Central Lancashire, School of Psychology, Lancashire, England. (Miljöpsykologi)
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering. (Miljöpsykologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7584-2275
University of London, Department of Psychology, London, England.
2015 (English)In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, ISSN 0096-1523, E-ISSN 1939-1277, Vol. 41, no 5, 1462-1474 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two experiments investigated reactive top-down cognitive control of the detrimental influence of spoken distractors semantically related to visually-presented words presented for free recall.  Experiment 1 demonstrated that an increase in focal task-engagement—promoted experimentally by reducing the perceptual discriminability of the visual target-words—eliminated the disruption by such distracters of veridical recall and also attenuated the erroneous recall of the distracters. A recall instruction that eliminates the requirement for output-monitoring was used in Experiment 2 to investigate whether increased task-engagement shields against distraction through a change in output-monitoring processes (back-end control) or by affecting the processing of the distracters during their presentation (front-end control). Rates of erroneous distracter-recall were much greater than in Experiment 1 but both erroneous distracter-recall and the disruptive effect of distracters on veridical recall were still attenuated under reduced target-word discriminability. Taken together, the results show that task-engagement is under dynamic strategic control and can be modulated to shield against auditory distraction by attenuating distracter-processing at encoding thereby preventing distracters from coming to mind at test.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 41, no 5, 1462-1474 p.
Keyword [en]
Cognitive control, Distraction, Erroneous recall, Semantic processing, Veridical recall
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19106DOI: 10.1037/xhp0000060ISI: 000361916300025PubMedID: 26191618ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84942551770OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-19106DiVA: diva2:795190
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0617:1
Available from: 2015-03-14 Created: 2015-03-14 Last updated: 2015-10-27Bibliographically approved

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Marsh, John E.Sörqvist, Patrik
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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
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