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Long-term monitoring of physical behavior reveals different cardiac responses to physical activity among subjects with and without chronic neck pain
University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2741-1868
University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1443-6211
University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science.
2015 (English)In: BioMed Research International, ISSN 2314-6133, E-ISSN 2314-6141, Vol. 2015, 907482Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background We determined the extent to which heart rate variability (HRV) responses to daily physical activity differ between subjects with and without chronic neck pain.

Method Twenty-nine subjects (13 women) with chronic neck pain and 27 age- and gender-matched healthy controls participated. Physical activity (accelerometry), HRV (heart rate monitor) and spatial location (Global Positioning System (GPS)) were recorded for 74 hours. GPS data were combined with a diary to identify periods of work, and of leisure at home and elsewhere. Time- and frequency-domain HRV indices were calculated, and stratified by period and activity type (lying/sitting, standing, or walking). ANCOVAs with multiple adjustments were used to disclose possible group differences in HRV.

Results The pain group showed a reduced HRV response to physical activity compared with controls (p=.001), according to the sympathetic-baroreceptor HRV index (LF/HF, ratio between low and high frequency power), even after adjustment for leisure time physical activity, work stress, sleep quality, mental health, and aerobic capacity (p=.02). The parasympathetic response to physical activity did not differ between groups.

Conclusions Relying on long-term monitoring of physical behavior and heart rate variability, we found an aberrant sympathetic-baroreceptor response to daily physical activity among subjects with chronic neck pain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 2015, 907482
Keyword [en]
Autonomic regulation; baroreceptor; sympathetic nervous system; chronic pain; accelerometer
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19139DOI: 10.1155/2015/907482ISI: 000364086900001PubMedID: 26557711Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84947087511OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-19139DiVA: diva2:797299
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Available from: 2015-03-23 Created: 2015-03-23 Last updated: 2016-12-06Bibliographically approved

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