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Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser och hantering av arbetsrelaterad stress under det första året i yrket: En intervjustudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskeyrket innebär en hög arbetsbelastning och kan därmed leda till upplevelse av arbetsrelaterad stress. Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor är särskilt mottagliga för denna typ av stress då de saknar erfarenhet i sin yrkesroll. Att utarbeta strategier för hantering av stress är därför betydelsefullt för sjuksköterskans välbefinnande. Syfte: Syftet med föreliggande studie var att beskriva hur nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor upplever och hanterar arbetsrelaterad stress under det första året i yrket. Metod: Studien har en kvalitativ ansats med deskriptiv design. I studien deltog åtta stycken sjuksköterskor som tagit examen januari alternativt juni 2014, anställda på fyra olika somatiska avdelningar belägna i Mellansverige. Data samlades in med semistrukturerade intervjuer och analyserades med manifest kvalitativinnehållsanalys. Huvudresultat: Resultatet visade att den arbetsrelaterade stressen orsakades av kombinationen mellan de nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskornas inre krav och känslor samt omgivningens yttre påverkan. Hur sjuksköterskorna hanterade den arbetsrelaterade stressen var individuellt och varierande beroende på situation. Att finna stöd hos och ta hjälp av kollegorna, att sänka de egna kraven samt att utveckla ett arbetssätt som passar den enskilda individen visade sig vara effektiva strategier för stresshanteringen. Slutsats: Slutsatsen var att de nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskorna upplevde flera typer av stress under det första året i yrket. Möjligheten att utvecklas, lära sig att vara snäll mot sig själv samt att kollegorna fanns tillgängliga för att ge hjälp och stöd var förutsättningar som krävdes för att stressen skulle kunna hanteras.

Abstract [en]

Background: The nursing profession involves a high workload and can thus lead to a perceived work related stress. Newly graduated nurses are particularly susceptible to this type of stress because of their lack of experience in their professional capacity. To develop strategies for managing stress is therefore important for the nurse’s wellbeing. Aim: The aim of the present study was to describe how recently graduated nurses experience and cope with work related stress during the first year in the profession. Method: The study had a qualitative approach with descriptive design. In this study eight nurses participated who graduated in January, alternatively, in June 2014, and were employed at four different somatic wards situated in central Sweden. Data were collected using semistructured interviews and were analyzed with manifest qualitative content analysis. Main Findings: The results showed that work related stress was caused by a combination of the recently graduated nurse’s internal demands, feelings and ambient external influences. How nurses handled work related stress was individual and varied depending on the situation. To find the support and enlist the help of colleagues, to reduce their own requirements and to develop an approach that suits the individual was found to be effective strategies for stress management. Conclusion: The conclusion was that the recently graduated nurses experienced several types of stress during the first year in the profession. The ability to evolve, learn to be kind to yourself and that the colleagues were available to provide assistance and support were prerequisites for managing the stress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
coping, experience, newly graduated nurse, occupational stress
Keyword [sv]
arbetsrelaterad stress, nyutexaminerad sjuksköterska, stresshantering, upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19332Archive number: SSKVT15-14OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-19332DiVA: diva2:812282
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-05-21 Created: 2015-05-18 Last updated: 2015-05-21Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • sv-SE
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