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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta kliniskt med Comprehenssive Geriatric Assessment- CGA på en geriatrisk akutvårdsavdelning: En empirisk studie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet var att granska sjuksköterskans dokumentation avseende intagningsorsak, andra identifierade problem/behov utefter CGA och vilka åtgärder det ledde till samt beskriva sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av att använda instrumentet CGA. Metod: Studien har en beskrivande design med kvantitativ och kvalitativ ansats. Totalt granskades 50 bedömningsinstrument och datajournaler. Frågeformulär utformades och 13 sjuksköterskor valde att delta. Journalgranskningarna utfördes med kvantitativ retrospektiv analys och frågeformulären analyserades enligt kvalitativ manifest innehållsanalys. Resultat: Under journalgranskningen framkom 11 olika intagningsorsaker där försämrat allmäntillstånd var den största gruppen. Totalt identifierades 205 problem/behov och 186 initierade åtgärder varav 7 åtgärder/person var högsta antal. Flest initierade åtgärder fanns inom nutrition, social bakgrund och fallrisk. Sjuksköterskornas erfarenheter av att använda CGA var att det fanns behov av tydliga arbetsrutiner gällande CGA, att CGA fungerade bra som checklista men var tidskrävande. De upplevde att CGA gav dubbelarbete men viljan fanns att använda CGA men däremot svårt att få det att fungera i arbetet samt att sjuksköterskorna identifierade problem/behov utan att använda CGA. Sjuksköterskorna upplevde inte att omhändertagandet förändrades men däremot fick teamet helhetsperspektiv på patientens livssituation. Samverkan med anhöriga och kommunen var viktigt. Slutsats: Studiens resultat visade att förutom inskrivningsorsak fanns även andra identifierade problem/behov utefter CGA som hade stor betydelse för att den äldre skulle uppleva hälsa. Sjuksköterskorna upplevde brister inom rutinen runt CGA samt erfor att sjuksköterskornas omhändertagande av den geriatriska patienten inte förändrades efter implementeringen av CGA.

Abstract [en]

Aim was to examine nurses documentation regarding admission cause, other identified problems/needs by the CGA and the actions that led to and describe nurses experiences of using the instrument CGA. Method: The study has a descriptive design with quantitative and qualitative approach. Total audited 50 assessment instruments and data records. Questionnaires were designed and 13 nurses chose to participate. Journal audits performed by quantitative retrospective analysis and the questionnaires were analyzed by the inspiration of qualitative manifest content analysis. Results: In the journal audit identified 11 different admission causes which reduced general condition was the largest group. Total identified 205 problems/needs and 186 initiated measures which 7 action/person was the highest number. Most measures were initiated in nutrition, social background and risk of falling. Nurses experiences of using the CGA was that there was a need for clear work procedures regarding the CGA, the CGA worked well as a checklist but was time consuming. They felt that the CGA gave duplication but the desire was to use the CGA but hard to make it work at work and the nurses identified problems / needs without using the CGA. The nurses did not feel that the care was changed but got the team holistic view of the patients life situation. Collaboration with families and the municipality was important. Conclusion: The study results showed that in addition the cause enrollment were other identified problems/needs along the CGA that had great importance for the elderly would experience health. The nurses experienced deficiencies in routine around the CGA and required that the nurses taking care of the geriatric patient did not change after the implementation of CGA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Frailty, older patients, geriatric emergency department, geriatric comprehensive assessment, nurses role.
Keyword [sv]
Skörhet, äldre patienter, geriatrisk akutvårdsavdelning, comprehensive geriatric assessment, sjuksköterskans roll
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19973Archive number: VAÄVT15-02OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-19973DiVA: diva2:839538
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Specialist nursing – master’s programme (one year)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-08-17 Created: 2015-07-03 Last updated: 2015-08-17Bibliographically approved

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