On the relationship between functional hearing and depression
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 54, no 10, 653-664 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: To establish the effect of self-rated and measured functional hearing on depression, taking age and gender into account. Additionally, the study investigates if hearing-aid usage mitigates the effect, and if other physical health problems and social engagement confound it.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the UK Biobank resource, including subjective and behavioural measures of functional hearing and multifactorial measures of depressive episodes and symptoms, were accessed and analysed using multi-regression analyses.
STUDY SAMPLE: Over 100 000 community-dwelling, 39-70 year-old volunteers.
RESULTS: Irrespective of measurement method, poor functional hearing was significantly (p < 0.001) associated with higher levels of depressive episodes (≤ 0.16 factor scores) and depressive symptoms (≤ 0.30 factor scores) when controlling for age and gender. Associations were stronger for subjective reports, for depressive symptoms, and the younger participants. Females generally reported higher levels of depression. Hearing-aid usage did not show a mitigating effect on the associations. Other physical health problems particularly partially confounded the effects.
CONCLUSION: Data support an association between functional hearing and depression that is stronger in the younger participants (40-49 years old) and for milder depression. The association was not alleviated by hearing-aid usage, but was partially confounded by other physical health problems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 54, no 10, 653-664 p.
Hearing, hearing aids, mental health, depression, epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20335DOI: 10.3109/14992027.2015.1046503ISI: 000366449800002PubMedID: 26070470ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84941899264OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-20335DiVA: diva2:856617
FunderSwedish Research Council