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Alternativ behandling vid depression och ångest hos vuxna: En deskriptiv litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Depression och ångest är två vanliga folksjukdomar. Omkring 350 miljoner människor globalt beräknas vara drabbade av depression. Var fjärde människa upplever någon gång under sitt liv ångest. Depression och ångest orsakar tillsammans ett stort vårdbehov i Sverige och i övriga delar av världen.

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva alternativ behandling vid depression och ångest hos vuxna samt att granska datainsamlingsmetoden i litteraturstudiens ingående artiklar.

Metod: En litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design. Efter sökningar i PubMed och Cinahl identifierades 14 vetenskapliga artiklar. Dessa artiklar granskades utifrån föreliggande studies syfte och frågeställningar, och utgör resultatet i föreliggande studie.

Huvudresultat: Huvudresultatet i denna litteraturstudie visade att det fanns fyra former av alternativ behandling. Dessa var Yoga, Mindfulness, Akupunktur samt Växter, kosttillskott och naturopatisk vård. Vid granskning av metodologiska aspekten framkom att enkäter använts i majoriteten av studierna. Även en semistrukturerad intervju kunde ses som datainsamlingsmetod.

Slutsats: Föreliggande studies resultat visar att det finns fyra olika alternativa behandlingsformer som kan ha positiv effekt på depression och-/eller ångest. Dessa är; Yoga, Mindfulness, Akupunktur samt Växter, kosttillskott och naturopatisk vård. Sjuksköterskan har en viktig roll i vårdandet av patienter med depression och ångest. Det bör finnas ett intresse hos sjuksköterskan att ha kunskap om alternativ behandling, detta för att bland annat kunna optimera patientens omvårdnad och egenvård. Dock behövs mer forskning inom området alternativ behandling.

Abstract [en]

Background: Depression and anxiety are two common diseases. About 350 million people globally are calcuated to be affected by depression. Every fourth person will experience anxiety sometime in their lifes. Depression and anxiety cause together a large demand for care in Sweden and in other parts of the world.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe alternative therapies in adults with depression and anxiety and to examine the data acquisitions of the articles.

Method: A literature review with descriptive design. After searching in the databases PubMed and Cinahl, 14 research articles were identified. These articles were examined by the aim and the issues, and compose the result of the present study.

Results: The main result of this literature review showed four forms of alternative therapies. These were Yoga, Mindfulness, Acupuncture and Plants, supplements and naturopathic care. The examination of the methodological aspect showed that questionnaires were used in the majority of the studies. Also a semi-structured interview could be seen to collect data.

Conclusion: The present study results show that there are four different forms of alternative therapies that can have a positivt effect on depression and-/or anxiety. These are; Yoga, Mindfulness, Acupuncture and Plants, supplements and naturopathic care. The nurse have an important role in caring of patients with depression and anxiety. Therefor the nurse should have an interest in the knowledge of alternative therapies, to optimate caring and self-care for patients. There’s a need of more research in the area of alternative therapies. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
Complemenatry therapies, Alternative therapies, Depression, Anxiety
Keyword [sv]
Alternativ behandling, Depression, Ångest
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20788OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-20788DiVA: diva2:877355
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-12-07 Created: 2015-12-07 Last updated: 2015-12-07Bibliographically approved

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