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Omvårdnadsinterventioners effekt på barns rädsla, oro och smärta vid vårdprocedurer: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Av olika anledningar kan barn behöva uppsöka hälsocentraler och sjukhus där de genomgår vårdprocedurer av olika slag. Dessa vårdprocedurer kan leda till att barn upplever rädsla, oro och smärta. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva omvårdnadsinterventioners effekt på barns rädsla, oro och smärta vid vårdprocedurer samt beskriva undersökningsgruppen i inkluderade artiklar. Metod: En deskriptiv design användes för att besvara litteraturstudiens syfte och frågeställningar. Studien baserades på tolv vetenskapliga kvantitativa artiklar som framkom vid sökningar i databaserna PubMed och CINAHL. Huvudresultat: Föreliggande studie har visat att omvårdnadsinterventioner har haft lindrande effekt på barns rädsla, oro och smärta eftersom att de inkluderade artiklarnas resultat har påvisat statistisk signifikans. Effekterna har uppmäts genom barns självskattningar, föräldrars, sjuksköterskors och forskares observationsskattningar samt genom mätning av fysiologiska reaktioner. Slutsats: Resultatet i föreliggande studie har visat att omvårdnadsåtgärder kan lindra rädsla, oro och smärta hos barn vid vårdprocedurer. Omvårdnadsåtgärderna som framkommit i interventionsstudierna kan användas i den dagliga kliniska verksamheten inom hälso- och sjukvård eftersom att samtliga studier påvisat signifikant reducering av rädsla, oro eller smärta.

Abstract [en]

Background: For various reasons, children may need to visit health care and hospitals where they undergo clinical procedures of various kinds. These procedures can cause the children to experiencing fear, anxiety and pain. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe nursing interventions effect on children’s fear, anxiety and pain during clinical procedures and to describe the samples in the included articles. Method: A descriptive design were used to respond to the aim and problem statements of the literature review. The study was based on twelve quantitative scientific articles found through search in PubMed and CINAHL. Result: The present study has shown that nursing interventions had relieving effects on the child's fear, anxiety and pain, for the included articles results has been shown statistical significance. The effects where measured by self-report of children, through observations made by parents, nurses and researchers and by measuring physiological responses. Conclusion: The results of the present study have shown that nursing interventions can alleviate children’s fear, anxiety and pain during clinical procedures. The nursing activities in the intervention studies can be used in daily clinical practice in health care, because all of the studies demonstrated significant reduction of fear, anxiety or pain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, Fear, Pain, Anxiety, Procedure
Keyword [sv]
Barn, Rädsla, Smärta, Oro, Procedur
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20812OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-20812DiVA: diva2:878302
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-12-09 Created: 2015-12-08 Last updated: 2015-12-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
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Language
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